|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,745,610||08/29/2017||2012-055|
Genetic systems often behave unpredictably due to structural interactions between DNA, RNA and protein components as well as functional interactions with host factors and metabolites. Due to these complexities, the ability to program gene expression quantitatively based on the characteristics of individual components is very limited. In nature, the control of the activity of an RNA transcript is crucial to its function. For example, the transcription, translation, and degradation of an mRNA is crucial to any gene expression event, and all three processes are controlled by a combination of elements including promoters, ribosome binding sites (RBSs), and cis -regulatory signals encoded in untranslated regions (UTRs). Methods and/or tools to facilitate the combination of various regulatory elements originating from various different sources to predictably control the activity of any desired RNA would be beneficial for numerous biotechnology applications. However, regulatory elements can unpredictably interact with each other through the formation of RNA structures and the recruitment of factors that affect global transcript accessibility and stability.
UC Berkeley researchers have developed methods and compositions for identifying appropriate combinations of regulatory elements simply and quickly. The invention allows for the combination of multiple regulatory elements in a fashion that predictably affects RNA activity.
Genome engineering, gene editing, CRISPR-Cas, Cys4, RNA