Researchers at the University of California, Davis have identified several novel inhibitors of soluble epoxide hydrolase that may serve as adjuvant treatment for cardiac cell-based therapy. In addition to preventing the development of hypertrophy, fibrosis, and arrhythmias in models of cardiac hypertrophy and failure, soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors may be used as adjuvant treatment in cardiac cell-based therapy by increasing stem cell survival and integration within the host cardiac cells.
Cardiac hypertrophy is a type of heart disease which eventually results in cardiac failure. The disease is not reversible and aside from heart transplantation, current treatment is limited to therapy for amelioration of symptoms. As a result, alternative therapies are currently under investigation, and cardiac cell-based therapy may potentially replace cardiac transplantation in the future. However, one barrier to cell-based regenerative therapy is promoting stem cell survival and integration within injured tissue that is undergoing remodeling, and exhibits robust inflammatory responses.
Researchers at the University of California, Davis have discovered novel inhibitors of soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEHIs) that suppress pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines at the injury site. Using a mouse model of myocardial infarction, human induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) were transplanted into mouse myocardium treated with these novel sEHIs. Following treatment with sEHIs, animals experienced decreases in infarct size and prevention of cardiac dilatation post-MI. In addition, sEHI treatment resulted in a decrease in apoptotic cardiomyocytes and non-myocytes, a decrease in reactive oxygen species production in tissue, and the suppression of cytokine-mediated inflammation in tissue. Furthermore, it has been shown that sEHIs can be easily administered and have few side effects. When combined, these data demonstrate improved cardiac function, prevention of adverse cardiac remodeling and enhanced engraftment of hiPSC-CMs in the injured myocardium with sEHI treatment. Thus, the suppression of inflammation and resolution of pre-existing fibrosis using sEHIs may become an adjuvant to cell-based therapy for cardiac hypertrophy and failure.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||10,369,141||08/06/2019||2014-956|
Additional Patent Pending
adjuvant, arrhythmia, cardiac, cell therapy, epoxide hydrolase, failure, fibrosis, hypertrophy, inhibitor