Researchers at UCI have developed an imaging technique that can monitor and measure small mobile structures called cilia in our airways and in the oviduct. This invention will serve as a stepping stone for study of respiratory diseases, oviduct ciliary colonoscopy and future clinical translations.
-High resolution (micron-scale resolution, picometer displacement sensitivity)
-High scan speeds, real-time imaging
-Larger field of view
-Obtain more comprehensive view of cilia activity
Our bodies use a variety of defense mechanisms to prevent, trap, or remove foreign particles from the body. The airway, for example, is lined with small hair-like flexible structures called cilia, which help transport mucus trapped with unwanted particles away from the lungs and out of the body.The unique mobility of these structures is a key aspect of their ability to transport or “clear” the mucus. In individuals with damaged cilia, this clearance is impaired and unfortunately leads to lung damage and respiratory problems. Additionally, ciliary activity generates the primary driving force for oviduct tubal transport, which is an essential physiological process for successful pregnancies. Malfunction of the cilium in the fallopian tube, or oviduct, may increase the risk of infertility and tubal pregnancy that can result in maternal death. In order to better understand the ciliary activity, doctors and scientists take samples of ciliated tissue and image samples with high speed digital cameras and optical microscopes. However, there is a need for an in vivo imaging method capable of providing a real-time, comprehensive view of cilia structure, movement, and patterns for better understanding of their functions.
A team of scientists and engineers at UCI have designed a system capable of overcoming these aforementioned limitations. Previously, the group developed a phase resolved doppler optical coherence tomography (PRD-OCT) system that was able to obtain lateral cross-sectional images of cilia and cilia movement in real-time. The inventors realized the need to observe the surface dynamics of cilia over time and spatially and thus developed a spectrally encoded interferometric microscopy (SEIM) system with PRD technology. As a result, fast, high resolution enface images can be captured and processed in real-time. Additionally, the integration of PRD-OCT with PRD-SEIM provides a multidimensional view of cilia. Furthermore, a hand-held, non-invasive probe with this optical technology will allow doctors and scientists to better monitor, image, and measure cilia activity in vivo and in real-time in patients with respiratory conditions. This invention will serve as a stepping stone for study of respiratory diseases, oviduct ciliary colonoscopy and future clinical translations.