UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a light-weight and cost-effective fluorescence microscope installed on a cell phone.
Optical methods for imaging single biomolecules allow for exploration of their individual behavior and properties at nanoscale, which not only significantly advances our knowledge of molecular biology and biophysics but also provides various diagnostics opportunities for biomedical applications.
Imaging of single DNA molecules has been of particular interest as various diseases including cancer and neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease are associated with genomic alterations, including for example copy number variations (CNVs). High spatial resolution and nondestructive nature of optical imaging methods are especially attractive for probing DNA-protein interactions or mapping genetic information from individual DNA molecules.
These research and development efforts, however, have been mostly limited to advanced laboratory facilities using relatively costly, complex and bulky imaging set-ups, including for example confocal fluorescence microscopy, super-resolution microscopy, or label-free plasmonic imaging.
Researchers at UCLA have developed a compact, light-weight and cost-effective fluorescence microscope, installed on a mobile-phone, that can image and quantify length of single molecule DNA strands. This optical attachment creates a high contrast dark-field imaging set-up using an external lens, thin-film interference filters, a miniature dovetail stage and a laser-diode for oblique-angle excitation. The lab was able to image single DNA molecules with a sizing accuracy of <1 kilobase-pairs over ~2 mm2 field-of-view.
Cost-effective alternative to advanced biomedical imaging and measurement tools, particularly in developing countries and resource-limited institutions
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||10,248,838||04/02/2019||2015-153|
Imaging, fluorescent imaging, DNA, cell phone, portable imaging, portable microscope, fluorescent microscope, DNA imaging, dark-field imaging, laser-diode