UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a diffractive neural network that can process an all-optical, 3D printed neural network for deep learning applications.
Deep learning, a method of machine learning that mimics the human brain’s connectivity through a series of “neural networks”, has been used in widespread applications such as image recognition and natural language processing. Existing forms of deep learning use either 3D print or lithography to create tandem sheets of networks that use input sensory information to recognize patterns and compute an image using designated algorithms. Diffractive deep neutral networks, deep learning networks that use optical computing instead of 3D print or lithography, has been investigated to tackle tasks such as object classification—the 3D version of image recognition. Optical computing, however, has difficulty recognizing objects as it only works if the optical input is coherent and monochromatic. Given that light in the real world is incoherent and broadband, diffractive neutral networks need to be improved to be compatible with incoherent and broadband light to be used in the real-world applications such as real-time 3D image recognition in autonomous cars.
UCLA researchers have developed an all-optical deep learning platform that inputs sensory information, diffracts the light in specific tunnels, and allows for immediate object detection and recognition. The network can be generalized to broadband sources and processes optical waves over a continuous, wide range of frequencies. This system requires no power source except for incident light and has been successfully prototyped onto an 8 x 8 cm square. Due to the increasing ease of 3D printing, the scale of the system can be increased well beyond the 8 cm x 8 cm squares utilized here. This innovation provides hope for instant-processing deep learning.
Device has been successfully prototyped and demonstration was performed.
artificial intelligence, deep learning, diffractive deep neutral network, neutral network, object classification, image recognition, processing, machine learning, 3D printing, image learning, computer learning, computing, optical, all-optical, broadband,