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High External-Efficiency Nanofocusing for Lens-Free Near-Field Optical Microscopy

Profs. Ruoxue Yan, Ming Liu, and their colleagues from the University of California, Riverside have developed a two-step sequential broadband nanofocusing technique with an external nanofocusing efficiency of ~50% over nearly all the visible range on a fibre-coupled nanowire scanning probe. By integrating this with a basic portable scanning tunneling microscope, the technology captured images with spatial resolution as low as one nanometer at high resolution. The high performance and vast versatility offered by this fibre-based nanofocusing technique allows for the easy incorporation of nano-optical microscopy into various existing measurement platforms.  Fig. 1: High-resolution NSOM mapping. a, scanning tunnelling microscope topographic image of single wall carbon nanotubes on a gold film. Top inset: cross-sectional profile along the dashed line. Bottom inset: the possible configurations of the bundle.  

Simultaneous Acquisition Of Multiple Epi-Fluorescence Micrographs

UCSF researchers have developed a novel microscope system which allows multiple images of a single sample to be acquired simultaneously.  These images are structured and, when coupled with conventional structured illumination image processing methods, can provide video rate, super-resolution micrographs. 

Graphene Oxide Based Affinity Grids As Sample Supports For High- Resolution Cryo Electron Microscopy.

Inventors at UCSF have developed a novel and economical method to produce a new generation of Cryo-EM sample grids that bind purify and protect biomolecule samples.

Head-Mounted Display EEG Device

Diagnosis and detection of progression of neurological disorders remain challenging tasks. For example, a validated portable objective method for assessment of degenerative diseases would have numerous advantages compared to currently existing methods to assess functional loss in the disease. An objective EEG-based test would remove the subjectivity and decision-making involved when performing perimetry, potentially improving reliability of the test. A portable and objective test could be done quickly at home under unconstrained situations, decreasing the required number of office visits and the economic burden of the disease. In addition, a much larger number of tests could be obtained over time. This would greatly enhance the ability of separating true deterioration from measurement variability, potentially allowing more accurate and earlier detection of progression. In addition, more precise estimates of rates of progression could be obtained.

System For Fast Multi-Photon Imaging Using Spectrally Diffracted Excitation

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a new system for fast multi-photon imaging using spectrally diffracted excitation.

Chronoprints: Identifying Adulterated Samples in Food and Drug Safety

Prof. Will Grover and his colleague at the University of California have developed a method to identify adulterated drugs and foods by observing how they behave when disturbed by temperature changes or other causes. Images of the sample’s behavior as it freezes over time are captured and processed into chronoprints.  Chronoprints are fundamentally bitmap images of samples on a computer, and it is possible to leverage existing image analysis and comparison techniques that have been already developed to analyze Chronoprints. Fig. 1 Producing a "chronological fingerprint" or chronoprint capturing how six samples (in this example, authentic and adulterated samples of an over-the-counter liquid cold medicine) respond to a perturbation over space and time (in this case, a rapidly changing temperature gradient). (A) A microfluidic thermometer chip containing the samples is partially immersed in liquid nitrogen to establish a rapidly changing temperature gradient along the chip. (B) The chip contains six samples (red) loaded in microfluidic channels that run parallel to the dynamic temperature gradient. (C) An inexpensive USB microscope records a video of the physical changes in the samples as they react to the dynamic temperature gradient.  Fig. 2 By reducing each channel image to a single column of pixels, and then placing these columns side-by-side, we create a bitmap image (the sample’s chronoprint) that captures how the sample changes over space (the y-axis) and time (the x-axis). Finally, by comparing the chronoprints of all six samples in the chip, we can determine whether the samples are either likely the same or definitely different.  

Method for Concentration and Formulation of Radiopharmaceuticals

Researchers at the UCLA Department of Medical and Molecular Pharmacology have developed a compact microfluidic device that is able to achieve rapid concentration and/or reformulation of PET tracers after HPLC purification.

A Method For Digital Pathology Using Augmented Reality

UCLA researchers in the Departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering have developed a novel method for automated image analysis of digital pathology slides.

Use of a Radiation Detector that Combines Virtual Frisch Grid and Cerenkov Readouts

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a radiation detector for high energy photons that employs a transparent semiconductor with a high index of refraction to combine benefits of Virtual Frisch Grid devices and the readout of Cerenkov light.


Hyperspectral imaging is a technique combining imaging and spectroscopy resulting in images with extraordinary precision and detail. Current approaches to capture hyperspectral images are costly and time-consuming. The proposed technique makes use of inexpensive filters and reduces the number of required exposures, thereby improving the efficiency and practicability of obtaining hyperspectral images.

Incorporation of Mathematical Constraints in Methods for Dose Reduction and Image Enhancement in Tomography

UCLA researchers have developed an algorithm that enables construction of 3D images from tomographic data through iterative methods with the incorporation of mathematical constraints. This methodology is an improvement over conventional techniques as it allows for radiation dose reduction and improved resolution.

Dicom/Pacs Compression Techniques

Researchers led by Xiao Hu from the Department of Surgery at UCLA have created a novel and convenient way to compress and query medical images from a PACS system.

A New Format For Representing And Encoding Images

Researchers in the Statistics and Computer Science Departments at UCLA have developed a method for image compression that is 5x more efficient than JPEG image coding.

Quantitative Multiparametric PET/CT Imaging for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a quantitative imaging method to detect and characterize liver inflammation for diagnosing a wide spectrum of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLDs).

Pairwise-Learning Framework for Image Quality Assessment

A data-driven, machine-learning approach called the Pairwise-Learning Framework (PLF) that can automatically compute visual error between two images of a given scene in a manner that is consistent with human visual perception.

Multi-Frequency Harmonic Acoustography for Target Identification and Border Detection

UCLA researchers in the Department of Bioengineering, Electrical Engineering, and Head and Neck Surgery have developed a novel ultrasound-based imaging technique that can be used to analyze tumor margins during surgery.

In-Situ TEM Holder With STM Probe And Optical Fiber

Researchers at UCI have developed a fully integrated sample mount for the simultaneous high-resolution imaging and electronic and optical characterization of thin film devices.

Air Quality Monitoring Using Mobile Microscopy And Machine Learning

UCLA researchers have developed a novel method to monitor air quality using mobile microscopy and machine learning.

Multi-Echo Spin-, Asymmetric Spin-, And Gradient Echo Echoplanar Imaging (Message-EPI) MRI

UCLA researchers in the Department of Radiological Sciences have developed a new MRI pulse sequence optimized for brain imaging.

High Dynamic Range (HDR) Digital Imaging with Neural Networks

Standard digital cameras typically take images with under/overexposed regions because of their sensors’ limited dynamic range. The most common way to capture high dynamic range (HDR) images using these cameras is to take a series of low dynamic range (LDR) images at different exposures and then merge them into an HDR image. Producing a high dynamic range (HDR) image from a set of images with different exposures is a challenging process for dynamic scenes. A category of existing techniques first register the input images to a reference image and then merge the aligned images into an HDR image. However, the artifacts of the registration usually appear as ghosting and tearing in the final HDR images.

Lensfree Tomographic Imaging

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a system for lens-free tomographic imaging.

High Frequency Digital Frequency Domain Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging System For Applications On Tissues

The technology is a software/hardware combination designed to enhance sampling rate for frequency domain fluorescence lifetime imaging. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) is a technique that uses signals emitted from fluorescent samples to construct images of those samples in near real time. An advantage to FLIM is its ability to image large fields of view, which makes it an attractive option for dynamical measurements of live biological tissues. The higher sampling rate available using this technology will allow for more information to be gleaned from biological samples, which may have a fluorescence band up to 1 GHz, advancing tissue imaging.

An MR-Compatible System for Motion Emulation

Researchers at UCLA from the Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Radiological Sciences have developed a magnetic resonance (MR) compatible device that can emulate respiratory motion.

A Single-Shot Network Analysis Method For The Characterization Of Opto-Electronic And Electrical Devices And Systems

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a single-shot network analysis method that can perform both time and frequency domain measurements of non-linear behavior of various optical or electrical devices and systems within significantly reduced test time.

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