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Silicon Expansion Safety Switch for Lithium-Ion Batteries

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry have developed a safety switch that prevents overcharging of lithium-ion batteries without impacting battery operation.

Bioactive Plastics With Programmable Degradation And Microplastic Elimination

Although the plastic waste crisis has reached a breaking point, current recycling approaches are unable to remediate microplastic pollution. Biodegradable and renewable plastics have shown promise but impact neither microplastic elimination nor complete plastic recycling due to diffusion-limited enzymatic surface erosion and random chain scission. Here it is shown that nanoscopic dispersion of trace enzyme (e.g. lipase) in plastics (e.g. polycaprolactone [PCL]) leads to fully functional plastics with eco-friendly microplastic elimination and programmable degradation. Nanoscopic enzyme encapsulation leads to:continuous degradation to achieve 95% microplastic eliminationa single chain-based degradation mechanism with repolymerizable small molecule by-products via selective chain end scission rather than random chain scissionspatially- and temporally-programmable degradation of melt-processed host matrix due to the dependence of single chain degradation on local lamellae thickness regardless of bulk percent crystallinity formulation of conductive ink for 3-D printing with full recovery of the precious metal filler With recent developments in synthetic biology and genome information, nanoscopically embedding catalytically active enzymes in plastics may lead to an immediate, environmentally friendly and technologically viable solution toward microplastic elimination and material recycling.

High Thermal Conductivity Boron Arsenide For Thermal Management, Electronics, And Photonics Applications

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel boron arsenide (BAs) material that has an ultra-high thermal conductivity of 1300 W/mK and low cost of synthesis and processing.

Selective Deposition Of Diamond In Thermal Vias

UCLA researchers in the Department of Materials Science & Engineering have developed a new method of diamond deposition in integrated circuit vias for thermal dissipation.

Wafer Bonding for Embedding Active Regions with Relaxed Nanofeatures

An alternative method, using wafer bonding, to connect relaxed nanostructures in the active region with separately grown material.

Synthesis Of Heteroatom Containing Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry have developed an approach for synthesizing nitrogen-containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with high yield.

Soft Burrowing Robot for Simple & Non-Invasive Subterranean Locomotion

A soft robot that can successfully burrow through sand and dirt, similar to a plant root.

Hydraulically Actuated Textiles

A soft, planar, actuator based on hydraulically actuated textiles.

Simple and Effective Strategy for Optical Band Gap Control in Conjugated Oligomers and Polymers

Researchers have demonstrated the ability to modulate the electronic properties of a conjugated molecule via interaction with Lewis acids that bind a basic site in the molecule.

A Plastic Synapse Based on Self-Heating-Enhanced Charge-Trapping in High-K Gate Dielectrics of Advanced-Node Transistors

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science have developed a novel way of implementing plastic synapses for neuromorphic systems applications by using charge-trapping advanced-node transistors.

Controlling Magnetization Using Patterned Electrodes on Piezoelectrics

UCLA researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering have developed a novel piezoelectric thin film that can control magnetic properties of individual magnetic islands.

Refreshable Tactile Display Using Bistable Electroactive Polymer

Researchers in the UCLA Department of Materials Science and Engineering have developed a high resolution, refreshable, and low-cost pneumatic tactile interactive device with a compact structure, single fluidic reservoir, and high actuator density that exerts large stroke and provides high blocking force.

Boron Phosphide and Its Material Systems for Thermal Management and Thermal Device Applications

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace engineering have developed a novel thermal management material, boron phosphide (BP), that is highly thermally conductive and inexpensive to manufacture, with many desirable properties to integrate with existing electronics and photonics devices.

Graphene-Polymer Nanocomposite Incorporating Chemically Doped Graphene-Polymer Heterostructure for Flexible and Transparent Conductive Films

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have invented a novel graphene-polymer nanocomposite material for flexible transparent conductive electrode (TCE) applications.

Electrical Conduction In A Cephalopod Structural Protein

Fabricating materials from naturally occurring proteins that are inherently biocompatible enables the resulting material to be easily integrated with many downstream applications, ranging from batteries to transistors. In addition, protein-based materials are also advantageous because they can be physically tuned and specifically functionalized. Inventors have developed protein-based material from structural proteins such as reflectins found in cephalopods, a molluscan class that includes cuttlefish, squid, and octopus. In a space dominated by artificial, man-made proton-conducting materials, this material is derived from naturally occurring proteins.

A Low-Cost-Wafer-Level Process For Packaging MEMS 3-D Devices

A low-cost solution to robust electronic packaging of 3-D MEMS devices using micro-glassblown “bubble-shaped” structures.

Trademark: Flexible Fan Out Wafer Processing And Structure: Flextrate

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have invented a novel biocompatible flexible device fabrication method using fan-out wafer level processing (FOWLP).

Highly wrinkled metal thin films using lift-off layers

Wearable electronics are becoming a popular way of integrating personal healthcare with continuous, remote health monitoring, yet current devices are bulky and exhibit poor electronic performance. Wrinkled metal thin films can be utilized for their thin, flexible profiles, which conform well to the skin. Researchers at UCI have developed a novel method using specialized materials that results in wrinkled metal thin films that have enhanced mechanical and electrical performance.

Apparatus and Method for 2D-based Optoelectronic Imaging

The use of electric fields for signaling and manipulation is widespread, mediating systems spanning the action potentials of neuron and cardiac cells to battery technologies and lab-on-a-chip devices. Current FET- and dye-based techniques to detect electric field effects are systematically difficult to scale, costly, or perturbative. Researchers at the University of California Berkeley have developed an optical detection platform, based on the unique optoelectronic properties of two-dimensional materials that permits high-resolution imaging of electric fields, voltage, acidity, strain and bioelectric action potentials across a wide field-of-view.

Hybrid Molecule Nanocrystal Photon Upconversion

Background: Solar resources are at a premium and the solar energy industry is a $130B market with growth projects of 30%. High demands for attaining renewable energy efficiently and cost-effectively, along with government incentives, are all good indicators for finding innovative ways to optimize solar energy systems.  Brief Description: Traditional semiconducting materials, i.e. silicon and cadmium telluride are unable to absorb all wavelengths of light and become usable energy. UCR researchers were able to functionalize semiconducting nanocrystals that are very efficient in upconverting near infrared photons into higher energy photons. They have optimized upconversion through carefully formulated combinations of semiconductor nanocrystals and organic ligands to enhance upconversion emission by up to 3 orders of magnitude relative to nanocrystals alone. This provides a way to enhance the efficiency of photovoltaic cells and reduce solar electricity costs.

Efficient Supercapacitator Charging Technique by a Hysteretic Charging Scheme

The technology is a hysteretic charging technique for efficient supercapacitor charging using low ambient power sources.With this technology user may extend the upper bound on the capacitance of supercapacitors.The technology features hysteretic control, a two stage supercapacitor system.Additionally, the technology features a pulse-frequency modulation (PFM) dc-dc boost converter.

Thermal Devices for Controlling Heat Transfer

The technology is a heat transfer device. The key properties are a unidirectional heat flow, thin, sandwich structure, and a T-dependent thermal resistance. The technology functions via the heat pipe effect. The purpose of the technology is to provide a one-way heat flow in a compact form (in a thin layer) with T-dependent thermal resistance.

Crystal Laser Wakefield Accelerator and Its Applications

The technology is a development of a more efficient particle accelerator in terms of energy, cost and space considerations. It is used in particle acceleration applications (cancer treatment, manufacture of components for electronic devices, etc.) The technology is an ultra-compact particle accelerator and particle source. The properties include: Laser Wakefield Accelerator in a solid medium, i.e. crystal in which the Laser Wakefield by charged particle beam bunch. The driver is a high intensity pulsed x-ray. The technology applicable to electron, proton, and ion acceleration and can be used for ultra-compact particle source (neutrons, muons, and neutrinos)

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