Reticulation Of Macromolecules Into Crystalline Networks

Tech ID: 30605 / UC Case 2020-030-0

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Published Application 20210087064 03/25/2021 2020-030

Additional Patent Pending

Brief Description

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are 2D or 3D extended periodic networks assembled from symmetric, shape persistent molecular 5 building blocks through strong, directional bonds. Traditional COF growth strategies heavily rely on reversible condensation reactions that guide the reticulation toward a desired thermodynamic equilibrium structure. The requirement for dynamic error correction, however, limits the choice of building blocks and thus the associated mechanical and electronic properties imbued within the periodic lattice of the COF.


UC Berkeley researchers have demonstrated the growth of crystalline 2D COFs from a polydisperse macromolecule derived from single-layer graphene, bottom-up synthesized quasi one-dimensional (1D) graphene nanoribbons (GNRs). X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy revealed that 2D sheets of GNR-COFs self-assembled at a liquid-l quid interface stack parallel to the layer boundary and exhibit an orthotropic crystal packing. Liquid-phase exfoliation of multilayer GNR-COF crystals gave access to large area bilayer and trilayer cGNR-COF films. The functional integration of extended 1D materials into crystalline COFs greatly expands the structural complexity and the scope of mechanical and physical materials properties.

Suggested uses

  • high­ performance electronic devices



  • increased mechanical and electronic properties due to increased choices for building blocks within the COFs


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  • Fischer, Felix Raoul

Other Information


COFs, organic frameworks, semiconductor

Categorized As