Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a self-assembling, fibrous photosensitizer that targets mitochondria in tumor cells for destruction via photodynamic therapy with enhanced localization and potency.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is used to treat a variety of conditions - including severe acne and other skin conditions, ophthalmic diseases, blood-borne viruses in blood plasma, and cancerous tumors - by inducing targeted cell death. Cells are injected with small molecule photosensitizers and then irradiated with light in order to create reactive oxygen species (ROS) that ultimately destroy the cell. This procedure’s non-invasive nature offers several advantages over competing treatment options, and there are generally fewer complications in patient recovery. However, PDT has several drawbacks, usually involved with the use of existing photosensitizers. These compounds suffer from non-specific localization and poor long-term retention in tumor sites, limiting their effectiveness as treatments against deep tissue tumors.
Researchers at the University of California Davis have developed a fiber-forming nanophotosensitizer, known as PQC NF, that provides enhanced cellular targeting and photosensitizer accumulation in PDT cancer treatments. The PQC NF is a self-assembling nanostructure composed of mitochondria-targeting small molecules. With administration directly to the mitochondria of malignant tumor cells, the quantity of ROS generation is greatly improved, resulting in higher cytotoxicity of targeted cells. Furthermore, the fiber structure of PQC NF improves long term photosensitizer retention at tumor sites which allows for comprehensive treatment with a smaller required dose. This new chemical entity has shown impressive results with a 100% cure rate in both subcutaneous and orthotopic oral cancer models with a single administered dose.
new-chemical entity, small molecule, mitochondria targeting, self-assembly, nanomedicine, prodrug modification, photodynamic therapy, PDT, cancer