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A New Preventive And Therapeutic Strategy For Liver Cancer

While the overall cancer incidences and mortality are decreasing, primary liver cancer, in particular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is increasing rapidly  and has become the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide attributing to the rise of metabolic disorders, including alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases, and viral hepatitis. The significance for development of an effective prevention strategy cannot be over-emphasized, given the extremely poor prognosis of liver cancer patients at the advanced stages and the rapidly expanding population with chronic liver diseases and at high risk for subsequent liver tumorigenesis. Unfortunately, this rapid increase of the malignant disease is unmet by more efficient therapeutics in the clinic.

Targeted Inhibition of Human Multiple Myeloma

UCLA researchers in the Department of Medicine have discovered a novel mechanism involving Eph receptor/ephrin ligand interaction, that regulates human multiple myeloma growth and repopulation in vivo.

Technique for Respiratory Gated Radiotherapy using Low Frame Rate MRI and a Breathing Motion Model

UCLA researchers in the Department of Radiation Oncology have developed a novel method to gate radiotherapy using low frame rate MRI sequences to reduce damage to adjacent tissues during radiotherapy.

An Osteoadsorptive Fluorogenic Substrate of Cathepsin K for Imaging Osteoclast Activity and Migration

UCLA researchers in the Department of Dentistry have developed a novel fluorescent probe for studying the role of osteoclasts in bone diseases and for detecting the early onset of bone resorption by targeting an important protein Cathepsin K. This probe can also deliver drug molecules to bone resorption sites with high specificity.

Pegylated Pleiotrophin (PEG-PTN) Promotes Hematopoietic Stem Cell Expansion and Hematopoietic Regeneration

UCLA researchers in the Department of Medicine have developed a novel pegylated recombinant PTN molecule which is capable of unique efficacy as a therapeutic molecule to promote hematopoietic reconstitution in patients.

Automated Beam Orientation and Scanning Spot Spacing Optimization for Robust Heavy Ion Radiotherapy Therapy

UCLA researchers in the Department of Radiation Oncology have developed a new method to automate and optimize heavy ion beam radiotherapeutic techniques for the treatment of cancer.

Probability Map of Biopsy Site

UCLA researchers in the Department of Radiological Science have developed a technique for generating a probability map on an MRI that indicates the certainty of tissue sampling from a location, which could improve imaging-guided biopsies and their correlation with pathology.

Small Molecule Regulators of let-7 MicroRNA Targets in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cancer Stem Cells

UCLA researchers have identified a class of small molecule phosphodiesterase inhibitors that suppress let-7 target genes and inhibit cell growth in acute myeloid leukemia cancer cell lines.

Mucoadhesive Devices for Oral Delivery of Various Active Agents

Effective and easily accepted system of oral delivery of therapeutic drugs.

A Novel Air/Water Retention Device for Improved Visibility in Colonoscopies

Colon cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in men and women in the United States. It is also the third leading cause of cancer-related death in women and the second leading cause in men. Fortunately, over the last 20 years the death rate for this cancer has been decreasing. There are two primary reasons for this decrease, improvements in therapy and the increase in screening for and removal of colorectal polyps. A colonoscopy is recommended for adults over the age of fifty in the US. It is an examination of the colon performed by a gastroenterologist whereby an endoscope is inserted through the anus and into the colon. Most endoscopes have a camera and a light for visualization of the colon. In order to clearly see within the colon, which is in a naturally collapsed state, air or water is used to inflate the organ. Normally, a tight seal is formed around the scope to retain pressure inside the colon. But in some patients, a tight seal is not possible and is not able to retain the pressure making the procedure difficult to perform. Currently, the standard practice in these occasions is for a technician to use a towel to hold the anus shut.

High Frequency Digital Frequency Domain Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging System For Applications On Tissues

The technology is a software/hardware combination designed to enhance sampling rate for frequency domain fluorescence lifetime imaging. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) is a technique that uses signals emitted from fluorescent samples to construct images of those samples in near real time. An advantage to FLIM is its ability to image large fields of view, which makes it an attractive option for dynamical measurements of live biological tissues. The higher sampling rate available using this technology will allow for more information to be gleaned from biological samples, which may have a fluorescence band up to 1 GHz, advancing tissue imaging.

Mobile Phone Based Fluorescence Multi-Well Plate Reader

UCLA researchers have developed a novel mobile phone-based fluorescence multi-well plate reader.

A New Therapeutic Approach To Create And Exploit Metabolic Vulnerabilities In Malignant Glioma And Other Cancers

UCLA researchers in the Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology have developed a novel cancer therapeutic approach that targets both metabolism and cell death signaling pathways, creating a synergistic killing effect that vastly increases treatment efficacy.

Lipoplex-Mediated Efficient Single-Cell Transfection Via Droplet Microfluidics

The invention is an on-chip, droplet based single-cell transfection platform providing higher efficiency and consistency compared to conventional methods. Novel techniques following cell encapsulation yields uniform lipoplex formation, which increases the transfection accuracy. The invention solves the dilemma of the trade-off between efficiency and cell viability, and offers a safe, cell friendly and high transfection solution that is crucial for applications like gene therapy, cancer treatment and regenerative medicine.

Novel Methodology To Convert Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan Data To Be Used In Proton Beam Therapy

This invention is a novel model that uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) information to more accurately determine the irradiation area using proton beam therapy (PBT) for oncological treatment.

Generation of an Improved Synthetic Splice Modulator (FDGLY) That Mirrors the Structural Features of the Potential CLL In Vitro Inhibitor FD-895

 An increasing body of research has shown that alternations in RNA splicing are involved in a number of human diseases, particularly cancer. Drug regulation of splicing has become an interesting new target for therapeutic discovery. A number of drug discovery efforts aimed at developing splicing-modulating small-molecules are being tested in clinic trials for cancer.

Novel Covalent Inhibitors Of GTP And GDP-bound RAS

This invention describes a novel class of direct Ras inhibitors that bind and inhibit this oncogene in its GTP and GDP-bound states.

A Novel CRISPR-based Screen for Personalized Cancer Therapy

Disease phenotypes are often regulated by interwoven genetic networks. For example, tumor genomes exhibit an extensive variety of genetic and epigenetic changes involved in tumor initiation, metastasis and ultimately, resistance to therapy. Combination therapy to target multiple pathways, as opposed to only single ones, can enhance treatment efficacy. Discovering effective combination therapies for human diseases is challenging with existing methods, due to the cost, effort, and labor required to construct and analyze each combination. There is a need for technological advances to accelerate the identification of effective combinatorial therapies. CRISPR has emerged as a new tool to systemically interrogate cancer genomes and set up the potential for personalized medicine. Personalized medicine is based upon the concept that individual differences can be identified and used to the patient’s advantage for therapy.

mTORC2 Specific Inhibitors

UCLA researchers have identified and characterized mTORC2-specific inhibitors useful as a novel treatment of glioblastoma.

Use of ApoA-1 to Treat and Prevent Pro-Inflammatory Conditions

UCLA researchers in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology have discovered that ApoA-I can be used to treat and prevent pro-inflammatory skin conditions.

Small Molecule Treatment for Androgen Inhibitor-Resistant Cancers

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed small molecule inhibitors of androgen receptor variants for the treatment of androgen inhibitor-resistant cancers.

Handled Blood-Flow Imaging Device

The invention is a medical handheld device that carries out skin visual inspection simultaneously with blood flow measurements through integrating a Laser Speckle Imaging (LSI) system within a handheld compact dermoscope. Combining both features in one compact, cheap and easy to use device will generate accurate and elaborative functional data that will improve the accuracy and detection of diseases such as cancer.

Small Molecules for Melanoma Treatment

Traditional anti-cancer treatments used for metastatic melanoma (skin cancer) can result in cell toxicity, poor efficacy, and low patient survival. UCI researchers have uncovered a class of potent compounds that inhibit cancer cell growth and induce cancer cell death by targeting RhoJ signaling pathways.

Bispecific Antibodies for Detection and Treatment of Cancers Associated with EGFR Overexpression

This invention identifies novel bispecific antibodies that can be used to detect and/or treat various cancers that overexpress EGFR family of proteins.

Polyketide Synthase Variants And Uses Thereof

Polyketide synthases are multifunctional enzymes that catalyze the biosynthesis of polyketides. These enzymes make attractive targets because they can be modified to produce commodity chemicals. The invention herein describes methods for producing polyketide synthase variants whose activity and/or substrate specificity can be tailored. An example of a polyketide synthase variant would be 2-pyrone synthase, which produces 2-pyrone. Other modified synthase variants can be generated to produce other key materials including ketides, lactones, etc.

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