Myeloid Differentiation Factor-Expressing Retroviral Vector for Tumor Therapy

Tech ID: 33639 / UC Case 2024-156-0

Technology Description

Current therapies for GBM and other solid tumors have limitations due to resistance, recurrence, and non-selectivity towards tumor cells, leading to severe side effects. Novel targeted therapies with better efficacy and less toxicity are urgently needed.

Our inventors have developed a retroviral replicating vector (RRV) carrying a transgene that encodes a myeloid/dendritic cell differentiation factor, such as Interferon Regulatory Factor 8 (IRF8). This RRV can be used as a targeted therapeutic agent to increase the killing of tumor cells and reduce tumor burden.

This approach targets two major hinderances in the anti-tumor immune response: an abundance of immunosuppressive myeloid cells and lack of antigen presenting cells (APCs), which are necessary for T-cell-mediated tumor cell killing. To concurrently address these, an RRV expressing IRF8 was employed to “reprogram” immunosuppressive myeloid cells into APCs, with the goal of both reducing immunosuppression and activating T-cells. The RRV selectively infects and replicates within proliferating tumor and immune cells, causing myeloid-derived suppressor cells to differentiate into potent APCs, increasing cytotoxic T-cell numbers, and enhancing tumor cell killing. This approach leverages the body’s immune system and inherently targets tumor cells, reducing off-target effects. Moreover, it can be used alone or in combination with other treatments such as T-cell therapies, cancer vaccines, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and traditional chemotherapies, maximizing therapeutic outcomes.


Related Materials

Data Availability

Effects of RRV-IRF8 on survival and tumor growth kinetics were examined in the SB28 murine GBM model. Functional immunosuppression and antigen presentation was assayed by ex vivo T-cell-myeloid co-culture.

Patent Status

Patent Pending


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Other Information


Myeloid Differentiation Factor, Retrovirus, Retroviral Therapy, Brain Tumors, Glioblastoma, Solid Tumors, Interferon Regulatory Factor 8

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