|United States Of America||Issued Patent||10,796,849||10/06/2020||2015-756|
Structural color is brilliantly iridescent, metallic and free from photo-bleaching like conventional pigments or dyes. Examples of this are witnessed in opals, bird feathers and butterfly scales. To mimic the formation of opals, most colloidal assembly processes create close packed structures from monodispersed colloidal spheres. However, living systems often involve non close packed ordered assemblies of anisotropic motifs, thus displaying more complex structural color responses including strong angular dependence and polarization effect.
Owing to the unavailability of high-quality anisotropic building blocks and the lack of an effective mechanism for assembly and tuning, efforts in fabrication of field responsive colloidal photonic structures have been limited. Anisotropic particles have shape dependent physical and chemical properties which adds more degrees of freedom for manipulation of the collective properties of the resultant superstructures.
The research team led by Prof. Yadong Yin have successfully synthesized well-defined ellipsoidal colloidal particles with anisotropy in both morphology and magnetic properties. The team has demonstrated the assembly of these ellipsoidal particles into three dimensional ordered structures with unique tunable photonic properties.
Schematic representation of the spontaneous alignment of nanoellipsoids under magnetic fields.
Reflection spectra of photonic structures under magnetic fields with varying direction with respect to the direction of light.
The novel apsects of their invention are:
Anisotropic nanomaterials, photonic structures, strructural color, pigments and dyes, adaptive camouflage, optical switches, anti-rerflective, low reflectance coating