Researchers at the UCLA Department of Bioengineering have developed methods to embed electroplated magnetic materials within elastomeric materials and use these flexible magnetic hybrid materials for biological applications.
Flexible magnetic devices provide unique opportunities to dynamically and remotely interface with biological systems. Currently, flexible magnetic devices are primarily made of micron-scale, physically-addressable magneto-structures (magnetic cilia), which consist of composite structures of PDMS-magnetic particles or nickel itself. These flexible magnetic devices are often used to apply forces to cells, manipulate droplets, generate fluidic motion, and lend sensing capabilities to more diverse environments. However, existing fabrication methods is limited for making flexible magnetic devices with sufficient strength and microstructure precision.
Researchers at UCLA have developed methods to covalently link and embed user-defined (in microscale thickness, size, and structure) ferromagnetic elements within highly flexible, silicone and other elastomeric materials of varying elastic modulus (10 kPa to 1MPa). Magnetic structures are fabricated directly above saline-solution soluble thin films, which can be released into an embedded material by the end user for dynamic routing and manipulation of a magnetic field and creation of high magnetic field gradients. The flexible structures may be integrated with microfluidic devices, eppendorf tubes, and catheters to enable patternable and tunable separation of magnetic particles (including magnetic nanoparticle-dosed cells), which would significantly increase the speed, and dynamic spatial and temporal control over particle positioning. The flexible structures would also have applications for concentrating particles that are to be injected as a therapeutic, or those that are designed to interact with biological matter, such as bacteria in a sepsis patient. The tunable control over particles can be further extended into dynamic manipulation of magnetic droplets or control of particles in ferrofluids.
Device prototype is available.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||10,144,911||12/04/2018||2015-154|
Additional Patent Pending
Flexible electromagnetics, magnetic separation, magnetic droplet, biomagnetism, bioseparation