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Triazolo/Phenylpyrimidine Compounds as Novel Candidate Treatments for Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by infection with parasitic flatworms called schistosomes. The three major medically important species are Schistosoma mansoni (causing intestinal schistosomiasis in Africa and South America), S. japonicum (intestinal schistosomiasis in East Asia), and S. haematobium (causing genitourinary schistosomiasis in Africa and the Middle East). Signs and symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stool, or blood in the urine.  The treatment of schistosomiasis serves three purposes: reversing acute or early chronic disease, preventing complications associated with chronic infection, and preventing neuroschistosomiasis. The goal of treatment is to remove the worms that produce the eggs which, in turn, are responsible for disease morbidity and mortality. There is no effective vaccine against schistosomiasis.

A Wearable Platform for In-Situ Analysis of Hormones

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a highly sensitive, wearable hormone monitoring platform.

Blocking Synaptogenesis For Chronic Pain Management

Gabapentin is used for treatment of seizures and hypersensitivity to pain. Researchers at UCI have employed low-dosage gabapentin immediately after injury to block the development of chronic pain.

Development of a Method to Treat Alzheimer’s Disease by Protection of Synapses

NMDA receptors (NMDARs) are principal regulators of synaptic signaling in the brain. Modulation of NMDARs’ function and trafficking is important for the regulation of synaptic transmission and several forms of synaptic plasticity. Postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95) acts as a scaffolding protein and stabilizes the surface and synaptic expression of NMDARs. NMDA receptors (NMDARs) are ionotropic glutamate receptors that are expressed throughout the nervous system and play crucial roles in neuronal development, synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. PSD-95 (Post Synaptic Density protein) or SAP90, a membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK), is the major scaffolding protein in the excitatory postsynaptic density (PSD) and a potent regulator of synaptic strength. It is almost exclusively located in the post synaptic density of neurons and is involved in anchoring synaptic proteins. Its direct and indirect binding partners include neuroligin, NMDA receptors, AMPA receptors, and potassium channels. Postsynaptic loss does not precede obvious Aβ (beta-amyloid or amyloid beta) and Tau deposition, but instead appears to occur as Aβ and Tau pathologies advance. This indicates that PSD-95 is an excellent intrinsic biomarker for post synaptic mechanisms and its expression is reduced in brain tissue from patients with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) as well as in mouse models of AD.

Healthcare Hand Hygiene Medical Training Software

UCI researchers have developed a curriculum for training and evaluation of customers performing Healthcare Hand Hygiene.

Advanced Airway Management: Intubation medical Training Software

UCI researchers have developed a curriculum for training and evaluation of customers performing Advanced Airway Mangement: Intubation.

Clinical Prognostication Test In Uveal Melanoma

Uveal melanoma commonly known as ocular or choroidal melanoma, is a rare cancer of the eye. It is an intraocular malignancy that arises from melanocytes of the choroid, ciliary body, and iris of the eye. Ocular melanoma is diagnosed in approximately 2,000-2,500 adults annually in the United States. In both the U.S. and Europe, this equates to about 5 - 7.5 cases per million people per year and, for people over 50 years old, the incidence rate increases to around 21 per million per year. While the primary tumor is highly treatable, about half of the patients will develop metastasis —typically to the liver. Metastatic disease is universally fatal. While traditional staging methods such as tumor size and location, still play a role in assessing metastatic risk, they are rarely used to individualize patient management plans. Newer methods include chromosomal gene expression analysis, yet these methods have their technical limitations. Clearly, what is needed is a better, cheaper and reproducible prognostic test.

Variable Friction Shoe

The Variable Friction Shoe, which ameliorates the effects of drop foot.

Very-Small-Nuclear Circulating Tumor Cell (vsnCTC) as a Diagnostic Biomarker of Visceral Metastasis in Advanced Prostate Cancer

UCLA researchers in the Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology have identified a novel biomarker that can be used to diagnose prostate cancer patients for the presence of visceral metastasis with 54% sensitivity and 100% specificity.

Device and Method for Microscale Chemical Reactions

UCLA researchers in the Departments of Bioengineering and Molecular and Medical Pharmacology have developed a passive microfluidic reactor chip with a simplified design that is less costly than existing microfluidic chips.

A Built-In Mechanism Of Gas Maintenance In Microfeatures On A Submerged Surface

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel superhydrophobic surface for drag reduction and anti-biofouling applications.

Thermodynamic Integration Simulation Method for Filling Molecular Enclosures Using Spliced Soft-Core Interaction Potential

Researchers have developed a simulation method to determine the properties of molecular enclosures based on slow growth thermodynamic integration (SGTI).

Combination Therapy as Enhanced Antidote to Poisoning

Certain pesticides can be harmful, and there is a need for effective antidotes that can reverse accidental over-exposure by farm workers. UC San Diego researchers have recently developed a therapeutic modality that is a combination of compositions that may be effective as an antidote.

Continuously Variable Inverse Harmonic Drive

A transmission that uses a variable sized drum, a rotating tensioner arm, and a dry adhesive band to create a compact, continuously-variable transmission that behaves like an inside-out harmonic drive.

Novel Clotrimazole Analogs As Blockers Of Intermediate Conductance Kca Channels

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a method for preparing therapeutically effective amounts of triarylmethane compounds for immunosuppressive treatment of autoimmune disorders, graft rejection, and graft or host disease.

Massively Parallel High Throughput Single Cell Electroporation (MSEP)

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel massively parallel, single cell electroporation platform (MSEP) that is high throughput, efficient, and maintains cell viability.

Self-Locking Optoelectronic Tweezer And Its Fabrication

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel self-locking optoelectronic tweezer (SLOT) for single cell manipulation in conductive buffer over large areas.

Development of a Small Molecule that Blocks Alpha Synuclein Transmission in Neurodegenerative Disorders

There is a strong correlation with aging and the onset of developing a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), Multiple system atrophy (MSA) and others. A universal commonality among these diseases is the presence of misfolded aggregated proteins in the brain or with cells of the brain. Very strong evidence supports a role of spreading of misfolded proteins from cell to cell and across the brain in disease progression. Moreover, these aggregated proteins can take different forms and be used help diagnosis the specific neurodegenerative disease. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by loss of striatal dopaminergic signaling and the presence of alpha-synuclein-containing Lewy bodies and neurites. Research has shown the importance of alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) from examining people with PD at autopsy and the pathology associated with the disease which contains misfolded and aggregated α-Syn. Moreover, a mutation in the gene encoding α-Syn (SNCA) or simple overexpression of wild-type α-Syn will lead to PD. The misfolding and spread of α-Syn are central to disease initiation and progression. The presence of misfoided α-Syn is also seen in other synucleinopathy diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), the two most prevalent progressive dementia diseases and MSA. One of the most common forms of symptomatic treatment for early stages of PD is the use of monoamine oxidase B inhibitors and in later stages the use of dopamine receptor agonists (DRAs) and /or levodopa. The treatment must find a good balance between clinical benefits and risks. Ultimately, these treatments fail to show improvement over the course of 2-5+ years, therefore, new alternative treatments are needed especially those attacking the underlying course of the disease. Small molecule binding to native states of globular proteins has been successfully to block misfolding and aggregation most notably in the case of targeting transthyretin to treat systemic amyloidosis. By contrast, targeting of intrinsically disordered proteins such as native monomeric α-synuclein (α-Syn) with  small molecules has been challenging due to their inherent structural heterogeneity and the absence of persistent structural elements.

Combination of a drug with low level light therapy (LLT) for treatment of wounds

This is a combination of a drug and light technology for the purpose of accelerating the healing of wounds on the skin, ulcers, and elsewhere in the body. Both methods have been shown to accelerate wound healing, and combining the two will potentially result in more rapid healing than either would alone.  

Multimodal food journaling

Researchers at UCI have developed a hands-free, unobtrusive smartphone-based application for automatic food journaling. The app, which operates via voice command, is interactive and highly engaging thereby encouraging long-term user participation.  

Antibacterial Polypeptide with Broad-Spectrum Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Activity

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a polypeptide that kills pathogenic bacteria.

A New Human-Monitor Interface For Interpreting Clinical Images

UCLA researchers in the Department of Radiological Sciences have invented a novel interactive tool that can rapidly focus and zoom on a large number of images using eye tracking technology.

Dicom/Pacs Compression Techniques

Researchers led by Xiao Hu from the Department of Surgery at UCLA have created a novel and convenient way to compress and query medical images from a PACS system.

Methods Comprising Immune System Modulation With Microporous Annealed Particle Gels

UCLA researchers have developed a novel microporous annealed particle (MAP) scaffold that acts as both a tissue growth scaffold and an immune modulatory system. The technology permits continuous, time-encoded, modulation of the immune system delivered injection/implantation of fabricated scaffold, comprised of the MAP gel technology.

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