Apparatus and Signal Processing Technique for Real-Time Label-Free High-Throughput Cell Screening

Tech ID: 29064 / UC Case 2014-077-0

Summary

UCLA researchers in the Department of Bioengineering have invented a novel apparatus for real-time label-free high-throughput cell screening.

Background

Cell protein content measurement can be used in many biomedical applications such as blood doping detection, infection monitoring , drug development and screening, studies of necrosis and apoptosis, cell cycle progression and differentiation, and in cancer diagnostics. Current methods for cell protein concentration measurement include electrical methods based on dielectrophoresis, mechanical methods based on microchannel cantilevers, and optical methods based on scattering patterns, emission spectra of external cavity lasers, and holographic and phase microscopy. These methods are either inherently too slow for high-speed flow cytometry applications or require feedback mechanisms to provide necessary precision. Furthermore, size-based classification can also be used for label-free identification of cells of interest in a suspension stream. However, due to significant overlap of size ranges between most mammalian cells, size-based technologies require additional layers of parametric gating to be useful as a diagnostic tool.

Innovation

UCLA researchers led by Prof. Bahram Jalali have developed a fast and high-precision optical cell density and size measurement method based on serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM). To eliminate the need for labeling, they introduce a label-free imaging-based flow cytometer that measures size and cell protein concentration simultaneously either as a stand-alone instrument or as an add-on to conventional flow cytometers. Cell protein concentration adds a parameter to cell classification, which improves the specificity and sensitivity of flow cytometers without the requirement of cell labeling.

Applications

This technology has applications in both the clinical and research setting, as characterization of cell populations can be informative on disease or metabolic state.

State Of Development

Prototype exists and been has been used to measure and separate two distinct classes of cells.

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Published Application 20160223453 08/04/2016 2014-077
 

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Inventors

  • Jalali, Bahram

Other Information

Keywords

flow cytometer, cell sorting, FACS, STEAM, serial time-encoded amplified microscopy, cell quantification, high-throughput cell quantification, label-free, label-free cell screening, cell screening, real-time

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