UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed an Anamorphic Spectrum Transformation (AST) scheme for compressing the time-bandwidth product of analog signals, making it easier to digitize wideband signals and to reduce the volume of the digital data generated.
Efficient compression of analog and digital data helps the processing, communication and storage of these forms of data. Compression of temporal signals, such as communication signals or those generated by sensors, involves sampling at a sufficient rate so as to obtain desired signal information and then being able to communicate or store that data efficiently. One existing mechanism for reaching a sufficient sampling rate involves time-stretching to trade off intensity-bandwidth and temporal-duration, thus allowing sampling to be performed at a lower rate while proportionally increasing the temporal duration. Time-stretching performed in the analog domain prior to sampling reduces signal bandwidth, but does not reduce the time-bandwidth product because the signal is temporally stretched in time, whereby storage requirements remain constant. Current data compression techniques operate on digital data only. The analog data from high speed sensors and instruments is often too fast to be digitized in real time. Therefore, a need exists for an enhanced data compression method which reduces modulation intensity bandwidth without a proportional increase in temporal duration.
Researchers at UCLA have developed a novel Anamorphic Spectrum Transformation (AST) scheme for compressing temporal data. This AST scheme achieves time-bandwidth compression by performing feature selective sampling, wherein fast features of the signal are sampled at a higher rate than slow features containing temporal redundancy. The AST is a physics-based signal transformation that enables a digitizer to capture random signals that would otherwise be beyond its bandwidth, and at the same time compress the digital data volume. Overall, AST makes it possible to capture high-throughput signals in real-time and to alleviate the storage and transmission bottlenecks associated with the resulting big data.
The described AST scheme can be used for applications involving analog signals, optical signals, electronic and microwave signals, digital data, “big data” systems, spectroscopy, genome sequencing, analog to digital conversion, temporal imaging, etc.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,479,192||10/25/2016||2013-972|
anamorphic spectrum transformation, time-bandwidth compression, data compression, anamorphic transform, big data, data storage, analog signal, digital signal, analog to digital conversion