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15LOX1 Inhibitor Formulation Determination For IV Administration

Lipoxygenases catalyze the peroxidation of fatty acids which contain bisallylic hydrogens between two cis double bonds, such as in linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA). Lipoxygenases are named according to their product specificity with AA as the substrate because AA is the precursor of many active lipid metabolites that are involved in a number of significant disease states. The human genome contains six functional human lipoxygenases (LOX) genes (ALOX5, ALOX12, ALOX12B, ALOX15, ALOX15B, eLOX3) encoding for six different human LOX isoforms (h5-LOX, h12S-LOX, h12R-LOX, h15-LOX-1, h15-LOX-2, eLOX3, respectively). The biological role in health and disease for each LOX isozyme varies dramatically, ranging from asthma to diabetes or stroke. The nomenclature of the LOX isozymes is loosely based on the carbon position (e.g., 5, 12, or 15) at which they oxidize arachidonic acid to form the corresponding hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HpETE), which is reduced to the hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) by intracellular glutathione peroxidases. Lipoxygenase inhibitors are difficult to formulate due to challenges with solubility and other factors, therefore new formulations are needed.

ML351 As Treatment For Stroke And Ischemic Brain Injury

Lipoxygenases form a large family of enzymes capable of oxidizing arachidonic acid and related polyunsaturated fatty acids. One such lipoxygenase, 12/15 LOX can oxidize both the C-12 and C-15 of arachidonic acid, forming 12- or 15-hydroperosyarachidonic acid (12- or 15-HPETE). Lipoxygenases and their metabolites have been implicated in many diseases. In particular 12/15-LOX (also known as 15-LOX-1, 15-LOX, or 15-LO-1 in humans and L-12-LoX, leukocyte-type 12-LO, or L-12-LO in mice) plays a role in atherogenesis, diabetes, Alzheimer's, newborn periventricular leukomalacia, breast cancer, and stroke. Whatever the name, the protein is encoded by the gene ALOX15 in both mice and humans. Lox inhibitors are difficult to develop due to the mouse and human homologs having different substrate and inhibitor specificities - 12/15 LOX produces predominantly 15-HETE in humans and 12-HETE in mice. So existing inhibitors are not selective for 12/15 LOX with regard to other LOX isoforms. In addition, many are strong antioxidants and therefore may result in off-target effects. 

Micron-resolution malleable strain and pressure sensor

Scientists at UC Irvine have developed a sensitive, customizable, and user-friendly sensor for (1) strain detection as a result of cellular movement, (2) micro-fluidic device pressure detection, and (3) real-time monitoring of valve statuses in microfluidic chips. This research tool will provide new insights regarding cellular biophysics.

Intra-Beat Biomarker For Accurate Blood Pressure Estimations

Researchers at UC Irvine have developed a novel algorithm that more accurately filters raw blood pressure (BP) data collected from continuous non-invasive blood pressure sensors. The algorithm features improvements in eliminating baseline signal drift while maintaining signal integrity and BP estimation accuracy across significant hemodynamic changes.

Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors For The Treatment Of Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy And Related Diseases

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed an effective drug therapy, utilizing Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors, to prevent sudden death and treat the progression of myocardial dysfunction in patients with Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy (“ACM”).

Percutaneous Heart Valve Delivery System

Researchers at University of California, Irvine have developed a novel percutaneous heart valve delivery system for coordinated delivery, positioning, repositioning, and/or percutaneous retrieval of percutaneously implanted heart valves. This system enables optimal placement of the transcatheter heart valve and may thereby significantly reduce the risk of paravalvular aortic regurgitation, myocardial infarction, or ischemia related to improper positioning.

A distensible wire mesh for a cardiac sleeve

Researchers at University of California, Irvine have developed a novel distensible wire mesh that can be used in the heart surround sleeve component of a whole heart assist device. This wire mesh design enables the device to collapse and expand reversibly for a variety of uses, such as during the delivery process of the whole heart assist device as well as for allowing the device to contract and expand to physically pump the heart.

System for Transcatheter Grabbing and Securing the Native Mitral Valve’s Leaflet to a Prosthesis

Researchers at UC Irvine have developed an assembly of components that work together as a system for first grabbing, and then securing the native mitral valve’s leaflet to a prosthesis via transcatheter means.

Method to Improve the Accuracy of an Independently Acquired Flow Velocity Field Within a Chamber, Such as a Heart Chamber

Currently available techniques used to measure velocimetry within chambers, such as heart chambers, are prone to error due to the inherent limitations of imaging and computational modalities. UC Irvine researchers have developed a novel method that significantly improves the accuracy of velocimetry techniques inside a chamber regardless of the modality.

PMUT for Blood Pressure Monitoring

Cardiovascular disease is among the leading causes of death for citizens in affluent nations, and the most significant cause of morbidity in those with cardiovascular disease is hypertension. Often called the “silent killer” because it has few clinical signs in its early stages, elevated blood pressure is often in an advanced stage before it is treated, leading to a substantially worse prognosis than if it had been detected earlier.In order to address this problem, researchers at UC Berkeley have developed a wearable device which continuously monitors diastolic blood pressure, transmitting data to a portable device such as a cell phone, where it can be stored and analyzed. The device utilizes piezoelectric transducers to perform the measurement, which allows the wearable device to remain small while containing a large number of sensors in order to reduce noise.

Water-Soluble Iron-Porphyrin Complexes Capable Of Acting As Antidotes For Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

CO poisoning is the most common form of poisoning worldwide. In the United States alone, over 50,000 emergency department visits each year are attributed to CO exposure. Despite the prevalence of CO poisoning, there is no clinically-approved antidote available.Current best practices involve placing the afflicted subject in fresh air, delivering 100% O2, or administering superatmospheric levels of O2 in a hyperbaric chamber. These treatments all serve to clear CO from the body by displacing it from metalloproteins with O2. The typical half-life of COHb in the bloodstream is 5.3 h, but hyperbaric O2 (1.5-3 atm) can decrease this half-life to < 1 h.Unfortunately, these large chambers are generally located in tertiary care centers to which patients must be transported. Moreover, hospitals typically house only a few such chambers, which would be rapidly overwhelmed in the event of a mass exposure.Although there are no clinically approved antidotes to CO poisoning, two strategies have been described: the creation of molecules that enhance the rate of release of CO from carboxyhemoglobin (formed during CO poisoning) and the creation of molecules that bind CO more strongly than physiologically important proteins such as hemoglobin.  

System Of Epicardial Sensing And Pacing For Synchronizing A Whole Heart Assist Device

See patent publication no. US20210128000A1. A network of electrodes configured to sense and/or pace the heart, wherein the network of electrodes are in contact with an epicardial surface of the heart, within a wrapping sleeve that assist the heart as a whole, wherein the network of electrodes sense the heart by quantifying intrinsic electrical activities of the heart, and wherein the network of electrodes pace the heart by inducing an electrical impulse to the heart to control its contractile activities. The network may be interfaced with a controller system, wherein the controller uses spatial and temporal electrical activities of the heart muscles to generate electrical impulse to synchronize the wrapping sleeve around the heart with the heart. Also disclosed is a system configured to construct space-time mapping of cardiac electrical activities and/or propagation, and sensing effects of a first assist event of a prior beat and controlling a second assist event.

Vascular Anastomosis Device

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a surgical device to facilitate vascular anastomosis procedures with enhanced ease and speed.

Integrin Binding to P-Selectin as a Treatment for Cancer and Inflammation

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a potential drug target for cancer and inflammation by studying the binding of integrins to P-selectin.

Motor Drive Unit for Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging of Intraluminal Structures

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have designed a motor drive unit that enables combined fluorescence lifetime imaging and optical coherence tomography of luminal structures.

Growth-Accomodating Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve System

UCI researchers have developed a novel transcatheter pulmonary valve (TPV) that addresses the current lack of options for children with progressive pulmonary valve regurgitation (PVR), which may lead to right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and failure. This TPV allows for implantation into patients of a younger age, preventing the progression of PVR and the RV issues that follow, and can also expand to accommodate the need for a larger pulmonary valve as the patient grows.

Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Delivery System for a Whole-Heart Assist Device

Researchers at UCI have developed a minimally invasive mechanism to help deliver and implant a cardiac assist device inside the body to help patients with heart failure.

DNN-Assisted Sensor for ECG Monitoring

Inventors at UCI have developed a method of monitoring ECG signals from wearable devices while using artificial intelligence to only select the signals that are relevant to disease for further evaluation.

A Gene Therapy for treating Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC)

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a predominantly genetic-based heart disease characterized by right but also recently left ventricular dysfunction, fibrofatty replacement of the myocardium leading to fatal/severe ventricular arrhythmias leading to sudden cardiac death in young people and athletes. ARVC is responsible for 10% of sudden cardiac deaths in people ≥65 years of age and 24% in people ≤30 years of age. ARVC is thought to be a rare disease as it occurs in 1 in 1000-5000 people, although the prevalence may be higher as some patients are undiagnosed or misdiagnosed due to poor diagnostic markers. Growing evidence also reveals earlier onset since pediatric populations ranging from infants to children in their teens are also particularly vulnerable to ARVC, highlighting the critical need to identify and treat patients at an earlier stage of the disease. At present there are no effective treatments for ARVC nor has there been any randomized clinical trials conducted to examine treatment modalities, screening regimens, or medications specific for ARVC. As a result, treatment strategies for ARVC patients are directed at symptomatic relief of electrophysiological defects, based on clinical expertise, results of retrospective registry-based studies, and the results of studies on model systems. The current standard of care is the use of anti-arrhythmic drugs (sotalol, amniodarone and beta-blockers) that transition into more invasive actions, which include implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac catheter ablation, if the patient becomes unresponsive or intolerant to anti-arrhythmic therapies. However, current therapeutic modalities have limited effectiveness in managing the disease, 40% of ARVC patients (a young heart disease) die within 10-11 years after initial diagnosis, highlighting the need for development of more effective therapies for patients with ARVC.

Percutaneous Heart Valve Delivery System Enabling Implanted Prosthetic Valve Fracture

UCI researchers developed a percutaneous heart valve delivery system to deliver and implant a prosthetic valve. This system incorporates the means to fracture a previously implanted prosthetic valve in situ without interfering with the transcatheter valve to be implanted.

Cardiac Energy Harvesting Device And Methods Of Use

This technology involves a medical device implanted in the heart’s ventricle that recharges leadless pacemakers. This device contains magnets and inductive coils whose motion is coupled to the contractions of the ventricles in order to create electricity.

Single Catheter System Combining Intravascular Ultrasound and Fiber-Based Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a catheter device that combines intravascular ultrasound with fluorescence lifetime imaging to better detect significant vascular conditions.

Delivery System For Transcatheter Valves

Researchers at UCI have developed a novel medical device for use in transcatheter heart valve replacement surgeries. The device provides physicians with more careful control of the catheter insertion, minimizing complications and adverse effects.

Esophageal Deflection Device

Cardiac ablations are common medical treatments for people with atrial fibrillation (Afib). During the ablation procedure, a cardiac electrophysiologist will thermally ablate, or burn off, defective heart tissue with radiofrequency or cryoablation technology. The esophagus is often in close proximity to the left atrium. Since the left atrial tissue is approximately 2mm thin, the heat can transfer through it to the esophagus in contact and cause thermal damage / lesions on the esophagus.  In worst-case rare scenarios, an atrio-esophageal fistula, or hole between the esophagus and the heart, can occur which has a ~75% mortality rate.  It would be ideal to move the esophagus away from the heart before or during the ablation procedure preventing thermal damage.

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