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Pulsed Laser Deadhesion

Brief description not available

Ultra-fast Detection System

Detection of single ionizing particles at rates approaching the gigahertz (GHz) range per channel has potential for applications in medical imaging and treatment as well as particle and nuclear physics. Current ionizing particle detection systems detect with maximum frame rates of ~500 MHz. As accelerators (e.g. XFELs) are upgraded to deliver trains of pulses at faster rates, detection systems will need to keep pace. Methods and devices that can detect at GHz rates will be required to meet the demands of modern societal needs and equipment.

A Battery-Less Wirelessly Powered Frequency-Swept Spectroscopy Sensor

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a wirelessly powered frequency-swept spectroscopy sensor.

Diamond On Nanopatterned Substrates

UCLA researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering have developed a nanofabrication method for improving the thermal properties of polycrystalline diamond films grown by chemical vapor deposition.

Selective Deposition Of Diamond In Thermal Vias

UCLA researchers in the Department of Materials Science & Engineering have developed a new method of diamond deposition in integrated circuit vias for thermal dissipation.

Electrical Conduction In A Cephalopod Structural Protein

Fabricating materials from naturally occurring proteins that are inherently biocompatible enables the resulting material to be easily integrated with many downstream applications, ranging from batteries to transistors. In addition, protein-based materials are also advantageous because they can be physically tuned and specifically functionalized. Inventors have developed protein-based material from structural proteins such as reflectins found in cephalopods, a molluscan class that includes cuttlefish, squid, and octopus. In a space dominated by artificial, man-made proton-conducting materials, this material is derived from naturally occurring proteins.

A Low-Cost-Wafer-Level Process For Packaging MEMS 3-D Devices

A low-cost solution to robust electronic packaging of 3-D MEMS devices using micro-glassblown “bubble-shaped” structures.

Mechanical Process For Creating Particles Using Two Plates

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry & Physics and Astronomy have developed a novel method to lithograph two polished solid surfaces by using a simple mechanical alignment jig with piezoelectric control and a method of pressing them together and solidifying a material.

Hemispherical Rectenna Arrays for Multi-Directional, Multi-Polarization, and Multi-Band Ambient RF Energy Harvesting

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a system that can receive RF waves in different frequency bands, from different directions, and with different polarizations to maximize energy harvested from ambient radio-frequency signals.

RF-Powered Micromechanical Clock Generator

Realizing the potential of massive sensor networks requires overcoming cost and power challenges. When sleep/wake strategies can adequately limit a network node's sensor and wireless power consumption, then the power limitation comes down to the real-time clock (RTC) that synchronizes sleep/wake cycles. With typical RTC battery consumption on the order of 1µW, a low-cost printed battery with perhaps 1J of energy would last about 11 days. However, if a clock could bleed only 10nW from this battery, then it would last 3 years. To attain such a clock, researchers at UC Berkeley developed a mechanical circuit that harnesses squegging to convert received RF energy (at -58dBm) into a local clock while consuming less than 17.5nW of local battery power. The Berkeley design dispenses with the conventional closed-loop positive feedback approach to realize an RCT (along with its associated power consumption) and removes the need for a sustaining amplifier altogether. 

Self-Limiting CVD of Silicon Monolayer for Preparation of Subsequent Silicon or Gate Oxide ALD on III-V Semiconductor and Metal Surfaces

Two of the leading materials considered for use in post silicon n-channel regions of planar-FETs and finFETs are SiGe and InGaAs, as both of these alternatives contain high intrinsic electron mobilities. A broader range of channel materials allowing better carrier confinement and mobility could be employed if a universal control monolayer (UCM) could be atomic layer deposited (ALD) or self-limiting chemical vapor deposited (CVD) on multiple materials and crystallographic faces. The existing silicon ALD process is not self-limiting.

Vertical Heterostructures for Transistors, Photodetectors, and Photovoltaic Devices

The Duan group at UCLA has developed a high current density vertical field-effect transistor (VFET) that benefits from the strengths of the incorporated layered materials yet addresses the band gap problem found in current graphene technologies.

Magnetically Controlled Casting Process

Brief description not available

A Novel High-Qu Octave-Tunable Resonator And Filter With Lumped Tuning Elements

This invention utilizes standard printed circuit board (PCB) fabrication technology to create a novel high-quality factor (Qu) continuously-tunable resonator and filter. The inherent benefits of the proposed design are: 1) flexibility in choosing various types of tuning components (e.g. solid-state, ferroelectric, and radio frequency microelectromechanical systems (RF MEMS) varactors), 2) compared to traditional cavity tunable resonators, the initial starting frequency is primarily determined by the tuning element as opposed to precise assembly techniques, and 3) industry-standard PCB substrates with commercially-available tuning components are used, thereby facilitating high-volume manufacturing, ease of integration with other RF front-end components and lower fabrication costs. A tunable resonator and two-pole bandpass filter with solid-state varactors are designed and fabricated to experimentally validate the approach. The resonator surpasses the state-of-the-art with a frequency tuning range of 0.5–1.2 GHz (tuning ratio of 2.4 : 1) and a Qu of 82–197. The bandpass filter exhibits frequency tuning of 0.57-1.17 GHz, insertion loss of 4.9-1.9 dB and a 3-dB bandwidth of 2-8 %. Lastly, an RF MEMS varactor enabled tunable resonator based on the same design further shows Quof 240 at 6.6 GHz.

A Method for Making Low-Cost Silicon Devices with Reduced Inactive Area

Modern semiconductor detectors have been developed for sensing light, X-rays and charged particles. Such devices have established broad applications because of their reliability, and compactness. However, they typically contain an inactive area near the edges of the device. This scheme allows for dicing of the wafers (thin slices of semiconductor material) resulting in large device defect densities. Also, the existence of up to a 1mm wide inactive band leads to efficiency gaps when a larger surface is covered with many such devices. Researchers at UCSC in collaboration with the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) have developed methods for fabricating resistive semiconductor sidewalls near the active area that allow deep depletion operation. These methods can be used to make compact, low-cost sensor devices without inactive periphery. Moreover, this robust and scalable method could be used for IC (integrated circuit) production, power electronics IC production, radiation detector (or sensor) production, imaging sensors, and solar cell production.    

Magnetically Actuated Micro-Electro-Mechanical Capacitor Switches In Laminate

This present invention describes the design of a miniature capacitive switch with a footprint less than 10 mm2 that can handle up to 100 W of radio frequency (RF) power. This invention also relates to methods of manufacturing these capacitive switch devices directly within or on any of the following: lead frames, substrates, microelectronic packages, printed circuit boards, flex circuits, and rigid-flex materials.

Improved Mechanical Contact Reliability and Energy Efficiency for CMOS Applications

In order to overcome fundamental energy efficiency limits of CMOS technology, micro-electro-mechanical (MEM) relay technologies are now being investigated for ultra-low-power digital integrated circuit (IC) applications. High relay endurance (exceeding 10^14 ON/OFF switching cycles) is required for relay-based ICs to be viable, and has been a major challenge due to stiction and wear. Researchers at UC Berkeley have developed an efficient way to reduce contacts aging, stiction, and oxidation. The researchers have shown that contacts can be made to be very reliable with very low resistance. To date, a contact resistance of 85.2 kohms has been measured at room temperature and suggests the possible use of these contacts for relay-based integrated circuits, which typically requires contact resistances less than 100 kohms. Further work will include coating optimization, surface roughness analysis, dynamic measurements for contact aging evaluation, thermal analysis, extraction of the effective contact area, and advanced current transport modeling.

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