Profs. Cengiz and Mihrimah Ozkan from the University of California, Riverside have developed multiple improvements to lithium-sulfur battery technology to increase their viability in commercial applications. These methods include the suppression of the shuttle effect via a magnetron sputtered titanium dioxide thin film, silicon and carbon nanocomposite spheres to enhance electrochemical performance, and a methodology for conditioning Li-S cells. With improvements like these, Li-S batteries may succeed lithium-ion cells because of their theoretically longer battery life and larger storage capacity that is ideal for devices like electric vehicles and handheld electronics. Fig 1: Schematic of enhanced Li-S battery anode material.