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Symmetric Redox Flow Batteries for Economically-Viable Grid-Scale Energy Storage

A 5-redox state nitride-capped organometallic motif that can completely replace current redox flow batteries.

Automated Ev Charging Station Identification Process With Mobile Phones And Other Automation Processes

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a method to automate the process of identifying open and available Electric Vehicle (EV) charging stations without excessive manual operations.

A Method Of Making Carbon Coated Oxides As High-Performance Anode Materials

UCLA researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering have developed a carbon-coated silicon nanoparticle-based electrode material for lithium-ion batteries with high energy density and long lifetime.  They have also developed a scalable fabrication method for this material.

Decentralized Charging Protocol for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Plug-in vehicles (PEVs) have drawn interest from government, automakers, and the public due to potential for reduced environmental impact. UCI researchers have developed a decentralized charging protocol for PEVs that results in improved stability in power grid demand.

Battery Energy Storage Control System

UCLA researchers have developed a battery energy storage system capable of both shifting power consumption pattern and shaping power consumption profile with minimal delay.

Ion-Gated Thermal/Electrical/Optoelectronic Modulator/Transistors/Switches

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed a novel device for modulating thermal and electrical properties of materials by manipulating ionic motions.

Fuel Cell With Dynamic Response Capability Based On Energy Storage Electrodes

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemical Engineering have developed fuel cells with energy-storage capabilities.

New Non-Platinum Fuel Cell Catalyst

The Kisailus research group at the University of California, Riverside, has  developed a novel fuel cell catalyst made of porous carbon nanofibers doped with inexpensive metal or metal oxide nanoparticles that provide active sites for energy conversion and storage. The active or catalytic nanoparticles are embedded and integrated with graphitic nanofibers and are accessible to the surrounding environment due to high porosity. The extensive graphitic networks within these nanofibers also exhibits enhanced conductivity. Cobalt oxide- graphite composite nanofibers showed equivalent catalytic activity to fuel cell platinum catalysts like platinum on carbon (Pt/C). When operated under fuel cell conditions, the nanofiber formulation provides enhanced durability.  Fig. 1 Metal oxide-graphite composite and porous nanofibers with highly controllable diameter, particle size and performance. Fig. 2 Linear sweep voltametry curves shows that the graphitic nanofibers doped with metal ions have higher current densities than commercial platinum on carbon (Pt/C).  

Three-Dimensional Holey Graphene Frameworks Based High-Performance Supercapacitors

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry have developed novel three-dimensional holey graphene framework (HGFs) materials for EC electrodes.

Process to Synthesize Size Controlled Nanocrystalline Materials for Battery Electrodes

Researchers at UCR have developed a scalable and affordable process for synthesizing nanostructure materials like LiFePO4 (LFP) at low temperatures (150 to 200 oC) with highly reproducible sizes and morphologies. The nanocrystalline structures may be utilized as active elements in battery cathodes or anodes to enhance charging cycle stability or enhance capacitance (including when doped with conductive metals). The process is performed at relatively low temperatures, and uses environmentally friendly solvents.  This results in lower up front and ongoing manufacturing costs in cathode and anode production.  The particle size and shape, as well as crystal orientation of the produced structures can be controlled, not only preventing loss of performance and capacity due to increased stresses and charge de-stabilization, but also improving rate capability.  The nanostructures created with this method will result in increased battery power and energy density. Fig. 1: Reproducible nanoprism crystal morphologies produced via the method described here.   Fig. 2: Reproducible nanobelt crystal morphologies produced via the method described here.

High Performance Transition-Metal Doped PtNi Catalysts

Researchers led by Yu Huang from the Department of Material Science and Engineering at UCLA have developed a novel oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst by doping platinum-nickel octahedrals with transition metals.

Supercapacitor With Non-Planar Electrodes

UCLA researchers have developed a solid-state supercapacitor structure with non-planar electrodes and ionogels dielectric medium.

Pore Size Engineering Of Porous Carbons Using Covalent Triazine Frameworks As Precursors

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry have developed a new method to engineer uniform pore sizes within porous carbon utilizing a covalent triazine frameworks as precursors.

3D Magnetic Topological Structures for Information Storage

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a new way to directly create 3-dimensional topological magnetic structures that allows for efficient information storage with potentially low energy dissipation.

Clock Power Reduction Utilizing Adiabatic Charging Method Via a Switched-Capacitor Circuit

Normally, charging a capacitive load from a voltage source invokes a ½ CV2 energy penalty. The concept of adiabatic charging, where the capacitor is charged more slowly than nominally afforded by the natural RC time constant of the charging circuit in the pursuit of reducing energy dissipation to below ½ CV2, has been around for decades. However, there has not been any solution to enabling this slow charging phenomenon in a practical, low-overhead embodiment. For example, prior work used separate DC-DC converters to provide multiple voltage levels, or used resonant inductors, both of which invoke significant area overhead.

Process For Electrodepositing Manganeese Oxide With Improved Rate Capabilities For Electrical Energy Storage

The invention is a novel method for enhancing the energy, power and performance of lithium ion batteries. It applies a new process for electrodepositing Manganese Oxide in a way that improves the electrical properties as well as the rate at which the battery can operate. Using this method, the energy storage capabilities is boosted significantly; making it faster, more reliable and enabling various applications to become more dependent on electric/battery solutions.

Energy Harvester From Breath-Associated Belly Movement

Researchers at UCI have developed a device that harvests enough energy from the human body to continuously power cells phones and other on-body devices.

Hyperelastic Binder For Printed, Stretchable Electronics

Stretchable electronics are a new, emerging class of electronic devices that can conform to complex non-planar and deformable surfaces such as human organs, textiles, and robotics. Functional fillers incorporated with elastic polymers form composites for use in intrinsically stretchable electronics. These composites can be amenable to high-throughput, low-cost, additive printing technologies that include screen, inkjet, flexography, and 3D printing. However, the properties of the functional and elastic materials used to date have been mutually antagonistic, thus limiting achievement of state-of-the-art functional properties and high elasticity. The present invention relates to the development of random composite inks using triblock copolymer for stretchable electronics. The key novelty offered here is the ability to tolerate higher loadings of inelastic, functional materials without sacrificing the elastic properties of the ink.

Synthesis Technique to Achieve High-Anisotropy FeNi

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed an innovative synthesis approach to achieve high anisotropy L1 FeNi by combining physical vapor deposition and a high speed rapid thermal annealing (RTA).

Ultrafine Nanowires As Highly Efficient Electrocatalysts

UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry have developed a novel process of synthesizing ultrafine jagged Pt nanowires with a record high utilization efficiency for fuel cell catalyst applications.

Enhanced Cycle Lifetime With Gel Electrolyte For Mn02 Nanowire Capacitors

The invention is novel way of preparing electrodes for nanowire-based batteries and capacitors with extremely long cycle lifetimes. The proposed assemblies last much longer than any comparable state of the art nanowire energy storage device, without loss of performance, and are comparable to liquid electrolyte-based technologies in terms of their figures of merit.

Optimized Thermal And Energy Management For Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage In Electric Vehicles

The invention is a novel method that optimizes battery utilization in electric vehicles to improve driving range and extend battery lifetime, all while maintaining safe battery temperature.

Battery-Aware Energy-Optimal Electric Vehicle Driving Management

The invention is a method for managing electric vehicle (EV) driving, which identifies the most energy efficient route to a destination based on vehicle’s battery characteristics. This is the first ever method to optimize navigation for both energy efficiency and the vehicle’s battery lifetime simultaneously.

Improved Energy Harvesting for Current-Carrying Conductors

There are an estimated 130 million wooden poles that support overhead power lines in the US.  Extreme weather, aging, storms or sabotage can all lead to potential damage of these poles and power lines, which can leave large areas without basic necessities.  Due to this risk, it’s anticipated that power utility companies will deploy sensors and corresponding energy harvesters to better respond to potential damage of this critical electricity grid infrastructure. To address this anticipated mass deployment of sensors and harvesters, researchers at UC Berkeley have developed technology improvements to harvesting of electrical energy from energized conductors carrying alternating currents, such as those on overhead and underground power lines (as well as power-supplying conductors in offices and dwellings).  These enhanced harvesters would improve the economics of deploying sensors across a national power grid.  The Berkeley harvesters can readily provide enough power to supply wireless communication devices, energy storage batteries and capacitors, as well as sensors such as accelerometers, particulate matter measuring devices, and atmospheric sensors.

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