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A Method For Universal Two-Tap Feed-Forward Equalization Using A Differential Element

A fully tunable feed-forward equalizer with simplified addition and inversion operations that use a single differential element.

Ultrafast Optical Transmitters

The widespread adoption of visible light communication (VLC) systems based on light emitting diode (LED) transmitters requires the simultaneous increase in efficiency and speed of the optical source. Efficiency is measured by the external quantum efficiency while speed is quantified by the 3dB modulation bandwidth. Most research on the indium gallium nitride (InGaN) system has focused on improving the EQE because this metric, and its dependence on injection current density is an important factor for the growth of LEDs as illumination source for general lighting purposes. The modulation rate of LEDs is however poised to grow in importance due to the need to couple information processing with illumination. An LED with GHz modulation bandwidth, incorporated as light source in an optical transceiver, can enable a plethora of VLC applications: from chip-to-chip wireless communications in data centers to smart automotive lighting, from safe and RF interference-free wireless local area networks in hospitals and offices to underwater optical communications for the exploration, inspection and maintenance of offshore oil

Light-Emitting Hyperbolic Metasurfaces

Hyperbolic metasurfaces (HMS) merge the exotic properties of hyperbolic metamaterials with the potential for lower losses and better device coupling offered by planar metasurfaces. Despite use of single-crystalline silver (Ag), HMS remain inherently lossy, limiting potential applications. Recent work has suggested that Ag could be combined with indium gallium arsenide phosphide (InGaAsP) multiple quantum wells (MQW) to enable transparent propagation of signals through waveguides and multilayers. Described here is the first experimental demonstration of a luminescent HMS (LuHMS) based on nanostructured (NS) Ag/InGaAsP MQW.  

Energy Radiator Using Strain-Mediated Spin Torque Nano-Oscillator (S-STNO)

UCLA researchers in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering have developed an energy radiator based on a spin torque nano-oscillator that does not require the application of an external field.

Method Of Creating Scalable Broadband And Tunable Light Emitter At The Nanoscale Using Layered Black Phosphorus

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a novel method to create a room temperature stable broadband tunable light emitter at the nanoscale.

Multi-Tone Continuous Wave LIDAR

Object detection and ranging is a fundamental task for several applications such as autonomous vehicles, atmospheric observations, 3D imaging, topography and mapping. UCI researchers have developed a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system which makes use of frequency modulated continuous waves (FMCW) with several simultaneous radiofrequency tones for improved speed of measurement while maintaining robust spatial information. 

Spectro-Temporal Lidar

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a LIDAR sensor that collects high frame-rate 3D measurements for autonomous vehicle and robotics applications.

Plasma Opening Switch

UCLA researchers in the Department of Physics have developed a plasma opening switch that enables quick diversion of multi-gigawatt pulses to a protective shunt circuit.

Optical Interposers for Embedded Photonics Integration

Researchers at the University of California, Davis and NHanced Semiconductors have developed a new optical interposer solution for embedded photonics that have higher energy efficiency than the current pluggable optics solutions

Polarization mode dispersion-based physical layer key generation for optical fiber link security

Researchers at UCI have developed a novel method for encrypting optical communications, which is simpler, less expensive, and less computationally-demanding than standard solutions.

Security Key Generation Technique for Inter-Vehicular Visible Light Communication

The invention is a technique that provides a novel, reliable and secure cryptography solution for inter-vehicular visible light communication. Through combining unique data as the road roughness and the driving behavior, a symmetric security key is generated for both communicating vehicles. As the data used is unique to the communicating vehicles only, the generated keys are thus unique, securing a reliable communication channel between both vehicles.

Non-Mechanical Multi-Wavelength Integrated Photonic Beam Steering Device

Today, projecting optical energy is performed using high power laser sources coupled to free-space optical systems comprised of mechanical components, moving parts, and bulk optics. Unfortunately, the application range of these legacy systems is limited by their size, weight, reliability and cost. Consequently, a substantial research effort has been directed toward the miniaturization and simplification of these systems. Recent work has focused on beam steering using phased arrays. Although optical phased arrays are an elegant non-mechanical beam steering approach, the technical and environmental challenges compared to RF systems (10,000 times smaller wavelengths and tolerances) are daunting. Multi-octave operation across the UV to LWIR regions with acceptable losses poses additional technical challenge for any optical phased array beam steering approach. For these reasons, a need exists for a non-mechanical beam steering approach that lends itself to miniaturization as well as high power ultra-wideband operation.

Blade Coating On Nanogrooved Substrates Yielding Aligned Thin Films Of High Mobility Semiconductin Polymers

An alternative method of alignment specifically developed for field-effect transistors of organic electronics.

Reduction in Leakage Current and Increase in Efficiency of III-Nitride MicroLEDS

A way to reduce leakage current and increase the efficiency of III-Nitride microLEDs via ALD sidewall passivation. 

Compact Vertical Optical Emitter and Interlayer Coupling

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a vertical optical phased array with compact spacing (1-2 microns) and low loss (~1dB) capable of forming 3D photonic integrated circuits.

Fabrication Method for Side Viewing Miniature Optical Elements with Free-Form Surface Geometry

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a fabrication method for free-form reflective side viewing miniature optical elements to focus and reflect light with minimal chromatic aberrations.

Silicon Based Chirped Grating Emitter for Uniform Power Emission

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a chirped grating emitter with ultra-sharp instantaneous field of view (IFOV) for optical beam-steering applications.

Magneto-Optic Nanocrystalline Oxides Fabrication

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside developed a fabrication technique that is capable of manufacturing highly transparent Magneto-optic oxides with reduced processing times. Their technique employs CAPAD (current activated, pressure assisted densification). Briefly, rare earth material in powder form is exposed to a specific current, which heats the sample (below melting temp). Pressure is then applied to the powder, compressing it into the desired shape. The processing temperature is optimized in order to achieve sufficient density without causing excessive phase changes that would destroy light transparency. This process produces materials quickly (<20 min), which, combined with high magneto-optical properties, promises less expensive, smaller, more portable magneto-optical devices. Fig. 1 Top image is a schematic cross-section of the CAPAD apparatus. The bottom image displays a Dy2O3 (dysprosium oxide) sample processed using this method. The sample is suspended from a magnet. Lasers of various wavelengths still transmit through the sample This indicates that the desired magnetic/optical properties of the material have been preserved. Fig. 2 Graph of measured average grain size and density of Dy2O3 samples versus processing temperature. The graph shows that an ideal processing temperature is 1100˚C, providing the highest packing density and smallest grain sizes.    

Focusing And Amplifying Reflectarray Metasurfaces For Stable Laser Cavities

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a novel design of reflectarray metasurface that focuses and amplifies THz laser beams with record high efficiency and stability.

A Single-Shot Network Analysis Method For The Characterization Of Opto-Electronic And Electrical Devices And Systems

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a single-shot network analysis method that can perform both time and frequency domain measurements of non-linear behavior of various optical or electrical devices and systems within significantly reduced test time.

Hollow Plastic Waveguide ("Wave Cable") Based High Speed And Low Power Data Center Inter-Server Link

UCLA researchers in the department of Electrical Engineering have developed a novel and inexpensive plastic interconnect for high efficiency communication within data centers.

Polarization Standing Wave Cavity Assisted By Anisotropic Structures

Researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a cavity demonstrating resonance through polarization standing waves.

Energy-Efficient All-Optical Nanophotonic Computing

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a new computing and signal processing platform based on nanophotonics and nanoelectronics to decrease power consumption and improve overall computing speed with all-optical inputs and outputs.

A Circuit-Based Scalable and Low-Complex Optical Datacenter Network

The ever‐increasing bandwidth requirements of modern datacenters have led researchers to propose networks based upon optical circuit switches, but these proposals face significant deployment challenges. In particular, previous proposals dynamically configure circuit switches in response to changes in workload, requiring network‐wide demand estimation, centralized circuit assignment, and tight time synchronization between various network elements— resulting in a complex and unwieldy control plane. Moreover, limitations in the technologies underlying the individual circuit switches restrict both the rate at which they can be reconfigured and the scale of the network that can be constructed; a new approach is necessary.

Current to Voltage Converter for High-Speed Optical Fiber Communications

The exponential increase in internet traffic due to the increased availability of internet access as well as high demand activities (such as movie streaming) presents an enormous challenge to infrastructure in handling this increasing amount of data. The UCI researchers have developed an ultra-broadband transimpedance amplifier (TIA), which is a key component for coupling high-speed optical fiber to conventional metal wiring. The silicon-based circuit is capable of 50 Gbps data transfer, representing a 25% increase over other, state of the art devices.

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