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Magneto-Optic Modulator

Brief description not available

Adapting Existing Computer Networks to a Quantum-Based Internet Future

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed an approach for integrating quantum computers into the existing internet backbone.

Phased-Locked Loop Coupled Array for Phased Array Applications

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a phased-locked loop coupled array system capable of generating phase shifts in phased array antenna systems - while minimizing signal losses.

Systems and Methods for Sound-Enhanced Meeting Platforms

Computer-based, internet-connected, audio/video meeting platforms have become pervasive worldwide, especially since the 2020 emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. These meeting platforms include Cisco Webex, Google Meet, GoTo, Microsoft Teams, and Zoom. However, those popular platforms are optimized for meetings in which all the participants are attending the meeting online, individually. Accordingly, those platforms have shortcomings when used for hybrid meetings in which some participants are attending together in-person and others attending online. Also, the existing platforms are problematic for large meetings in big rooms (e.g. classrooms) in which most or all of the participants are in-person. To address those suboptimal meet platform situations, researchers at UC Berkeley conceived systems, methods, algorithms and other software for a meeting platform that's optimized for hybrid meetings and large in-person meetings. The Berkeley meeting platform offers a user experience that's familiar to users of the conventional meeting platforms. Also, the Berkeley platform doesn't require any specialized participant hardware or specialized physical room infrastructure (beyond standard internet connectivity).

Multi-Agent Navigation And Communication Systems

The field of autonomous transportation is rapidly evolving to operate in diverse settings and conditions. However, as the number of autonomous vehicles on the road increases the complexity of the computations needed to safely operate all of the autonomous vehicles grows rapidly. across multiple vehicles, this creates a very large volume of computations that must be performed very quickly (e.g., in real or near-real time).   Thus, treating each autonomous vehicle as an independent entity may result in inefficient use of computing resources, as many redundant data collections and computations may be performed (e.g., two vehicles in close proximity may be performing computations related to the same detected object). To address this issue, researches at UC Berkeley proposed algorithms for the management and exchange of shared information across nearby and distant vehicles.According to the proposed arrangement, autonomous vehicles may share data collected by their respective sensor systems with other autonomous vehicles and adjust their operations accordingly in a manner that is more computationally efficient. This can not only increase safety but at the same time reduce computational load required by each individual vehicle.

Temporal And Spectral Dynamic Sonar System For Autonomous Vehicles

The field of autonomous transportation is rapidly evolving to operate in diverse settings and conditions.  Critical to the performance of autonomous vehicles is the ability to detect other objects in the autonomous vehicle’s vicinity and adjust accordingly. To do so, many autonomous vehicles utilize a variety of sensors, including sonar. Although these sensor systems have been shown to improve the safety of autonomous vehicles by reducing collisions, the sensor systems tend to be computationally inefficient.  For instance, the sensor systems may generate large volumes of data that must be processed quickly (e.g., in real or near-real time).  The performance of excessive computations may delay the identification and deployment of necessary resources and actions and/or increase the cost of hardware on the vehicle making it less financially appealing to the consumer. Researches at UC Berkeley proposed algorithms for temporally and spectrally adaptive sonar systems for autonomous vehicles. These allow utilization of existing sonar system in an adaptive manner and in interface with existence hardware/software employed on autonomous vehicles. 

Contextual Augmentation Using Scene Graphs

Spatial computing experiences are constrained by the real-world surroundings of the user.  In such experiences, augmenting virtual objects to existing scenes require a contextual approach, where geometrical conflicts are avoided, and functional and plausible relationships to other objects are maintained in the target environment.  Yet, due to the complexity and diversity of user environments, automatically calculating ideal positions of virtual content that is adaptive to the context of the scene is considered a challenging task.    UC researchers have developed a framework which augments scenes with virtual objects using an explicit generative model to learn topological relationship from priors extracted from a real-world and/or synthetic 3D datasets.  Primarily designed for spatial computing applications, SceneGen extracts features from rooms into a novel spatial representation which encapsulates positional and orientational relationships of a scene which captures pairwise topology between objects, object groups, and the room.  The AR application iteratively augments objects by sampling positions and orientations across a room to create a probabilistic heat map of where the object can be placed.  By placing objects in poses where the spatial relationships are likely, we are able to augment scenes that are realistic. 

A Battery-Less Wirelessly Powered Frequency-Swept Spectroscopy Sensor

UCLA researchers in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a wirelessly powered frequency-swept spectroscopy sensor.

Development of a CMOS-Compatible, Nano-photonic, Laser

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a new class of lasers and amplifiers that uses a CMOS-compatible electronics platform - and can also be applied to nano-amplifiers and nano-lasers applications.

Multi-Wavelength, Laser Array

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a multi-wavelength, laser array that generates more precise wavelengths than current technologies. The array also delivers narrow linewidths and can operate athermally.

Higher-Speed and More Energy-Efficient Signal Processing Platform for Neural Networks

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a nanophotonic-based platform for signal processing and optical computing in algorithm-based neural networks that is faster and more energy-efficient than current technologies.

Security Key Generation Technique for Inter-Vehicular Visible Light Communication

The invention is a technique that provides a novel, reliable and secure cryptography solution for inter-vehicular visible light communication. Through combining unique data as the road roughness and the driving behavior, a symmetric security key is generated for both communicating vehicles. As the data used is unique to the communicating vehicles only, the generated keys are thus unique, securing a reliable communication channel between both vehicles.

Unsupervised WiFi-Enabled Device-User Association for Personalized Location-Based Services

With the emergence of the Internet of Things in smart homes and buildings, determining the identity and mobility of people are key to realizing personalized, context-aware and location-based services - such as adjusting lights and temperature as well as setting preferences of electronic devices in the vicinity. Conventional electronic user identification approaches either require proactive cooperation by users or deployment of dedicated infrastructure. Consequently, existing approaches are intrusive, inconvenient, or expensive to ubiquitously implement. For example: biometric identification requires specific hardware and physical interaction; and vision-based (video) approaches need favorable lighting and introduce privacy issues. To address this situation, researchers at UC Berkeley developed an identification system that uses existing, pervasive WiFi infrastructure and users' WiFi-enabled devices. The innovative Berkeley technology cleverly leverages attributes such as the MAC address and RSS of users' WiFi-enabled devices. Furthermore, the Berkeley approach is facilitated by an unsupervised learning scheme that maps each user identification with associated WiFi-enabled devices. This technology could serve as a vital underpinning for practical personalized context-aware and location-based services in the era of the Internet of Things.

Quarter-Rate Serial Link Receiver with Low Aperture Delay Samplers for High Data Rate Applications

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a quarter-rate serial link receiver with low aperture delay samplers for use in high-speed serial link interconnects in network systems. This receiver decreases the parasitic capacitances that result from threshold adjustments and can drastically decrease the amount of power required for high data rate applications.

Robust High Speed Analog QAM Demodulator for Advanced Wireless Applications

Wireless applications are witnessing major advancement in fields like virtual reality and cellular phones, thus requiring much higher data transfer speed. This technology is a novel architecture for wireless receivers that accommodates such targeted high data rates, while maintaining a cost efficient design; power efficient while still utilizing simple circuits design, through replacing complicated digital blocks with innovative analog ones.

Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Communication System Using Reconfigurable Antennas

Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) communication systems, which increase communication speed and signal quality using multi-path propagation, have become an essential part of modern wireless communication such as Wi-Fi and 4G mobile internet connectivity. UCI inventors have developed a wireless communication system architecture that, by using reconfigurable antennas, improves the data throughput capacity and lowers implementation cost and complexity for MIMO communication systems.

Silicon Based Chirped Grating Emitter for Uniform Power Emission

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a chirped grating emitter with ultra-sharp instantaneous field of view (IFOV) for optical beam-steering applications.

A Technique For Securing Key-Value Stores Against Malicious Servers

The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) has drastically increased the potential scale and scope of destruction hackers can cause. Cloud servers now control and monitor devices such as cars, smart home controls, fitness trackers, medical monitoring systems. These cloud-based devices are at risk, however, in that if they become compromised, third parties could gain full control of all devices and stored information associated with that server. UCI researchers have developed the FIDELIUS system, a technique for secure communication and information storage.

Energy-Efficient All-Optical Nanophotonic Computing

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a new computing and signal processing platform based on nanophotonics and nanoelectronics to decrease power consumption and improve overall computing speed with all-optical inputs and outputs.

Method Of Localizing Breakdown In High Power Rf Network

Researchers in the Department of Physics have developed a method for detecting localized electrical breakdowns in high power RF networks.

A Circuit-Based Scalable and Low-Complex Optical Datacenter Network

The ever‐increasing bandwidth requirements of modern datacenters have led researchers to propose networks based upon optical circuit switches, but these proposals face significant deployment challenges. In particular, previous proposals dynamically configure circuit switches in response to changes in workload, requiring network‐wide demand estimation, centralized circuit assignment, and tight time synchronization between various network elements— resulting in a complex and unwieldy control plane. Moreover, limitations in the technologies underlying the individual circuit switches restrict both the rate at which they can be reconfigured and the scale of the network that can be constructed; a new approach is necessary.

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