UCLA researchers in the Departments of Integrative Biology and Physiology and Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology have developed a novel method for the production of marbled, cultured meat with desirable texture and flavor.
Revolutions in food production are necessary to support a growing global population, which is projected to expand by 30% over the next 30 years. Meat is the primary source of protein for many societies and is therefore an attractive target for agricultural innovation. In particular, beef is widely consumed due to its relatively low cost and ready availability, while remaining both energy-dense and nutrient-rich. However, industrial livestock farming requires the greatest amounts of non-renewable energy, water, and land use, and produces total greenhouse gas emissions above all foods. One strategy to reduce the environmental impact of beef production is to culture alternative meat options ex vivo from cells. Current approaches rely on culturing a single type of cell to create a unified meat product. Developing new methods to culture meat can lead to beef with delicious flavor, texture, and tunable nutritional content, as well as broad consumer appeal which is critical to minimize the harmful environmental effects of the human diet.
UCLA researchers have established a method to produce cultured beef with desirable texture and flavor, which has potential to achieve significant environmental benefits over conventional beef. Cultured marbled beef is made by tuning the number of fat cells that are interspersed among muscle cells, to result in the typical ‘marbling’ feature of highly prized beef. This strategy should preserve the appropriate sensory features of beef, while improving the texture and flavor compared to single cell type culture. The ratio of fat within the muscle is tunable and can enable improved nutritional content compared to conventional or pure myocyte cultured beef. Further, marbled culture meat will provide an environmentally sustainable alternative to beef production with reduced energy, water, land use, and greenhouse gas emissions. This method of beef culture is scalable to feed the growing global population, which is especially critical in the face of the earth’s changing climate and land use.
Myotube formation from myocytes has been demonstrated on structured, aligned nanofibers. Pectin, alginate, and gelatin can be mechanically tuned for cell-type specific growth, and will therefore be used as scaffold materials.
Cultured meat, cultured beef, food science, food, marbled, nanofiber, nanofiber scaffold, myocytes, myotubes, co-culture, microporous scaffold