Chemoselective Side-Chain Modifications Of Methionine-Containing Elastin-Like Polypeptides

Tech ID: 29916 / UC Case 2015-607-0

Summary

UCLA researchers in the Department of Bioengineering and Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry have developed a novel method for the introduction of various functional groups onto recombinant elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs), creating new compositions of ELPs that may be used for medical therapeutic or diagnostic applications.

Background

Recombinant elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) belong to a unique class of precision polymers with stimuli-responsive self-assembly properties for specific biomedical and biotechnological applications.  ELPs are repeating sequences of [-Val-Pro-Gly-Xaa-Gly-] pentapeptide, where Xaa can be any amino acid except proline.  ELPs exhibit a lower critical solution temperature (LCST), meaning ELP chains switch between fully soluble state and insoluble state in water when the temperature is below or above the LCST.  Fully reversible solubility switch of ELPs is influenced by parameters such as the Xaa residue within the ELP repeats, the overall molecular weight, molar concentration of the ELP, and the ionic strength of the solution.  The controlled self-assembly of individual ELP blocks has been explored to develop nanocarriers for drug-delivery systems.  Tuning the LCST of temperature-responsive recombinant ELPs is usually achieved by designing different protein sequences, in terms of amino acid composition and length, implying tedious molecular cloning steps.  Post-polymerization modifications of are mostly limited to conjugation of small organic molecules, oligonucleotides, drugs, or PEG to chain ends of ELPs.  Modifications at the amino acid side chains within the ELP domain require modification of all the repeating functional groups in these sequences in high yield without affecting the amino acid backbone, C- and N-terminus, and side chain groups of other residues.  This approach could be quite challenging for recombinant polypeptides, as it requires the incorporation of non-canonical amino acids.

Innovation

Researchers at UCLA have developed a novel method for introduction of various functional groups onto recombinant proteins by chemoselective alkylation of methionine.  This method can be used to modify elastin repeat side chains and modulate the LCST of the polypeptides.

Applications

  • Drug carrier/delivery
  • Scaffolds for regenerative medicine

Advantages

  • Replaces tedious molecular cloning for introducing various functional groups onto recombinant ELPs
  • Allows site-specific modification of the amino acid side chains within the ELP repeats

State Of Development

  • Successfully introduced methyl and benzyl groups to ELP repeats

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Published Application 20190135896 05/09/2019 2015-607
Japan Published Application 2018525439 09/06/2018 2015-607
European Patent Office Published Application 3328882 06/06/2018 2015-607
Canada Published Application WO2017021334 02/09/2017 2015-607
European Patent Office Published Application 3124495 02/01/2017 2015-607
 

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Inventors

  • Deming, Timothy J.

Other Information

Keywords

elastin, elastin-like polypeptides, ELPs, lower critical solution temperature, LCST, recombinant protein modification, side-chain modification, chemoselective, drug delivery, drug carrier, therapeutics, protein scaffold, regenerative medicine

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