UCLA researchers in the Department of Bioengineering have developed a new class of cell-compatible copolypeptide hydrogels that possess chain conformation directed polyion complex (PIC) supramolecular architectures.
Hydrogels are three-dimensional polymer networks that are capable of absorbing large amounts of water or biological fluids. Hydrogels can be classified in several ways depending on the constituents that form the polymeric network (neutral vs. ionic, natural vs. synthetic), mechanical and structural characteristics (i.e. degree of cross-linking, gel integrity), and method of cross-linking (chemical cross-linking vs. physical cross-linking). Protein and peptide based hydrogels are used for many applications, ranging from personal care products, food and cosmetic thickeners to support matrices for drug delivery and tissue replacement.
Researchers at UCLA have developed synthetic diblock copolypeptide hydrogels (DCHs) that incorporate oppositely charged ionic segments to form β-sheet structured, polyion complex (PIC) hydrogel assemblies when mixed in aqueous media. The observed chain conformation directed assembly was found to enable efficient hydrogel formation, and provided distinct and useful properties to these hydrogels, including self-healing after deformation, microporous architecture, and stability against dilution in aqueous media. The unique feature of using ordered chain conformations in PIC assemblies can be explored to create new supramolecular materials. In addition, while the stiffness of most hydrogels is mainly adjusted either by polymer concentration or crosslink density, DCH stiffness can also be tuned by these parameters, or by altering amino acid composition, hydrophilic to hydrophobic ratio, molecular weight, or block architecture of the copolymers. The ability to control nanoscale and bulk properties by molecular design, combined with DCH injectability and abundant sites for functionalization makes DCH innovative candidates for use as biomaterials.
Hydrogel, polypeptide hydrogels, diblock copolypeptide hydrogel, polyion complex, tissue engineering, bioengineering, nanomaterial, polymer