Ultra Light Amphiphilic and Resilient Nanocellulose Aerogels and Foams

Tech ID: 27150 / UC Case 2016-909-0

Abstract

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed an energy efficient method of producing ultra-light aerogels with excellent dry compressive strength and tunable hydrophobicity by ambient drying of nanocellulose wet gels.

Full Description

Aerogels are ultra-light porous materials that are uniquely desirable for a wide variety of applications including insulation, packaging, filtration, ion diffusion and drug delivery. However, commonly used processes such as supercritical drying of silica aerogels, or freezing and freeze-drying of natural and synthetic polymer-based aerogels consume immense energy.

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a facile and more energy efficient process to produce ultra-light nanocellulose aerogels with improved mechanical strength and hydrophobicity. This process enables drying under ambient conditions, and therefore does not require any high vacuum, freeze drying or heating steps. This process is not only more energy efficient and economic, but also feasible for scaling up. Chemical crosslinking results in aerogels that have an even higher specific surface area, dry compressive strength, and tunable hydrophobicity. Unlike hydrophilic silicon aerogels or hydropholic carbon nanotube or graphene based aerogels, these nanocellulose based aerogels are amphiphilic super-absorbents and tunable to become hydrophobic super-absorbents. These nanocellulose based aerogels are derived from sustainably sourced feedstock, i.e., waste streams of agriculture and food and beverage processing:the process turns under-utilized byproducts into high value added products and helps to reduce environmental impact of our food production system.

Applications

  • Oil-water separation
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Super light waterproof and water propellant materials or coating
  • Differential removal or recovery of organics and heavy metals
  • Cell and tissue scaffolds
  • Growth media
  • Super absorbent wound dressing and biomedical materials
  • Defense and aerospace appliances
  • Super light thermal and acoustic insulation
  • Super light elastomer

Features/Benefits

  • Drying under ambient pressure and temperature without structure deformation
  • Shorter drying time and less energy consumption with high efficiency
  • Enhanced dry compressive strength
  • Tunable hydrophobicity
  • Improved thermal stability
  • Higher specific surface
  • Solely bio-based products
  • Conversion of food/beverage/agricultural waste

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Published Application 2019/030914 10/10/2019 2016-909
 

Contact

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Inventors

  • Hsieh, You-Lo
  • Jiang, Feng

Other Information

Keywords

nanocellulose, aerogel, super-light, super-absorbent, hydrophobic, filtration, insulation, ambient drying, cross-linking, cellulose derivatives, biomaterials

Categorized As