Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a new mechanism of removing liquid from the skin’s surface. The invention presents significant advantages over currently marketed moisture-wicking technologies.
Current moisture wicking materials function by using capillary forces generated by hydrophilic yarns to wick liquid from human skin. As the fabric becomes wetter or humidity increases, the sweat wicking capacity generated by capillary force diminishes. Thus, the moisture wicking capacity can be significantly diminished through perspiration or humid environmental conditions.
UC Davis researchers have developed a micropatterned superhydrophobic textile that harnesses surface tension forces to more effectively wick moisture. Because the textile does not rely on capillary forces, fluids can be transported in a controllable, continuous manner, not diminished by increases in moisture or humidity. Micropatterns comprised of superhydrophilic yarn function to draw moisture unidirectionally across superhydrophobic fabric. Thus, liquid is not absorbed but transported by the micropattern structures, so the fabric stays light. Additionally, the fabric is waterproof and self-cleaning.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,480,462||11/01/2016||2013-605|
|United States Of America||Published Application||20170071268||03/16/2017||2014-536|
Biofluid transport, Hydrophobic textile, Moisture-wicking, Diaper absorbency, Waterproof fabric, Microfluidic chips, High performance fabric, Filter, Athletic apparel, Membrane