Fuel Cells Using Low-Temperature Conducting Materials

Tech ID: 11235 / UC Case 2005-510-0

Abstract

Preparation of Nanometric Oxides that Exhibit Enhanced Protonic Conductivity at Low Temperatures

Full Description

Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a novel method to fabricate nanometric oxides that exhibit enhanced conductivity. Conduction in these materials (e.g., cubic zirconia and other materials with similar properties) takes place by protonic movement as opposed to ionic mobility, making it possible to operate a fuel cell at much lower temperatures. The marked reduction of the resistivity in these materials at low temperatures are comparable to that typical of other protonic conductors but with the advantage of superior mechanical properties, chemical stabilities, and the lack of a need for a catalyst.

Applications

  • Manufacturers of oxide fuel cells and those involved in hydrogen separation

Features/Benefits

  • Lower operating temperatures (i.e., 50 - 100°C)
  • Avoids deleterious effects of high temperature on electrodes and related components

Related Materials

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Issued Patent 8,609,565 12/17/2013 2005-510
United States Of America Issued Patent 7,601,403 10/13/2009 2005-510
 

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Inventors

  • Garay, Javier E.
  • Kim, Sangtae
  • Munir, Zuhair A.

Other Information

Keywords

nanometric oxides, fuel cells, oxide fuel cells

Categorized As