Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed several steroid sulfatase inhibitors (STSi) that can be used as a potential treatment for hormone related cancers, specifically castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and breast cancer.
Prostate cancer growth is often driven by androgens, which are male sex hormones such as testosterone. Currently, common treatment options for prostate cancer focus on lowering the levels of androgens in a man’s body by surgical castration or by hormone therapy called androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Despite advances in ADT that provide temporary relief from symptoms, patients often develop resistances to hormonal drugs and there is still no definitive cure for castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). High levels of cholesterol and its subsequent product dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) are observed in cell sublines that are resistant to ADT drugs. Emerging clinical evidence also shows DHEA concentration is highly elevated in advanced prostate cancer. DHEA synthesis is mediated by steroid sulfatase (STS), therefore inhibition of STS may be a viable strategy to treat resistant prostate cancer.
Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed several steroid sulfatase inhibitors (STSi) that can be used as a potential treatment to prostate cancer, specifically CRPC. STSi can hinder the growth of cells that are resistant to ADT drugs such as enzalutamide and abiraterone, and thus potentially prolong the effectiveness of ADT. STSi can also potentially decrease the resistance of existing cells and re-sensitize them to ADT treatments. Results from in vivo testing has shown that STSi significantly inhibited VCaP tumor growth, which is a type of prostrate tumor particularly is resistant to ADT treatment. Moreover, in vitro testing has shown that STSi also inhibits breast cancer cell growth.
Prostate cancer, Breast cancer, Oncology, DHEA, Dehydroepiandrosterone, ADT, Androgen deprivation therapy, Steroid sulfatase, STS, STSI