UCLA researchers in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering have developed a platform and method for membrane-based water purification and desalination that combines operational flexibility with energy efficiency, allowing effective treatment and desalination of raw feed water over a wider range of solute concentrations and product recovery.
Membrane technologies play a significant role in water and energy sustainability. Current membrane technologies that are used in industries at scale include desalination of seawater and brackish water by reverse osmosis (RO), as well as water purification and wastewater treatment by ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and RO membranes. However, there lies a challenge in achieving optimal performance of a number of properties within in a single platform. These include a wide range of product water recovery levels, integration of energy-optimal and operational flexibilities that will allow self-adaptive regulation of system product water recovery, and on-demand switching between steady state (i.e., continuous) and cyclic unsteady-state model of operation without requiring stoppage of water production. Therefore, there is an urgent unmet need for a single-platform membrane-based liquid purification system that performs with high operational flexibility and energy efficiency.
The inventors have developed a single-system platform and method that combines flexible and low-energy membrane-based liquid purification. To achieve this, the system is decoupled into separate but connected process units for liquid purification (via a membrane process unit) and for flow regulation, using a concentrate recycle unit for control of overall system product water recovery. This platform has been applied to reverse osmosis to devise a Flexible Low-Energy Reverse Osmosis (FLERO) system and method. The system can be operated in either cyclic unsteady-state mode or steady-state mode.
The inventors have developed a FLERO prototype and designed and implemented algorithms and software for its use. Operations in steady-state and cyclic unsteady-state modes have been demonstrated both in laboratory and in the field (seawater and groundwater desalination and water purification).
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||10,569,222||02/25/2020||2016-871|
Water desalination, product water recovery, Low energy, membrane based separations, liquid purification, reverse osmosis, stead-state operation, water sustainability, membrane technologies