The spliceosome, the cellular splicing machinery, regulates RNA splicing of messenger RNA precursors (pre-mRNAs) into maturation of protein coding RNAs. Recurrent mutations and copy number changes in genes encoding spliceosomal proteins and splicing regulatory factors have tumor promoting or suppressive functions in hematological malignancies, as well as some other cancers.
Over the past 10 years, a list of natural products, including FD-895, pladienolide B, herboxidiene, and spliceostatin A, have been identified as spliceosome modulators. They have been shown to have anti-cancer effect in vitro and in vivo models. However, these compounds demonstrate poor metabolic stability and short half-lives in vivo, excluding them from entering clinical evaluation. This invention, 17S-FD-895, is an analog of FD-895 and was synthesized through the combination of total synthesis and synthetic methods, demonstrating improved stability and on-target effect. This new spliceosome targeting compound was evaluated in different secondary acute myeloid leukemia models and showed potent efficacy in inhibition of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) LSC and disruption of AML maintenance in vitro and in mouse xenograft models (Crews et al. 2016). The study by Crews et al. indicates the pivotal role of spliceosome in secondary acute myeloid leukemia and the therapeutic potential of targeting leukemia stem cells in this subtype of AML often unresponsive to current therapy.
Researchers from UC San Diego have designed a stable splice modulator with improved pharmacological properties. This new analog, described herein as FDGLY, provides several benefits over the known natural product based splice modulators including spliceostatins, pladienolides, and herboxidiene, as well as the current synthetic derivatives approaching or reached IND status including 17S-FD-895, E7107 or 6-deoxypladienolide B.
FDGLY is a fully-synthetic spliceosome modulator that mirrors the structural features of FD-895. While FD-895 displays poor pharmacological stability (a factor common to nearly all semi-synthetic or synthetically-derived splice modulators to date), FDGLY displays improved stability in pharmacological buffers, plasma, cell lysates and animal models.
FDGLY can be potentially used as a therapeutic agent in clinical use against cancer, as well as an agent to potentiate the effects of known cancer agents. An additional use would be for research, as a molecular probe to modulate splicing.
FDGLY offers the following improvements over known splicing modulators:
The synthesis of FDGLY has been completed and is currently being used in cell and animal models to complete pharmacological and activity studies. In addition, medicinal chemical efforts are being explored for translation into the clinic for the treatment of cancer. The use of FDGLY is being used to potentiate already known chemotherapeutic agents by using FDGLY to reduce the levels of the proteins targeted by known chemotherapeutics within targeted tumor cells.
A provisional patent has been submitted and the technology is available to license.
|Patent Cooperation Treaty||Published Application||2017156454||09/14/2017||2016-131|
Additional Patent Pending
therapeutic agent, cancer, RNA splicing, spliceosome modulator, FD-895, FDGLY