The first nonreciprocal ring resonator and implemented it in a ring isolator, which has the main advantages of miniaturization and integration with other optoelectronic devices.
As electronic devices increase in speed and become more commonly used in optical systems, integration of electronic and optical semiconductor devices has become more common. Such circuits, often called photonic integrated circuits, have found uses in several consumer and commercial applications. Proper integration of optical devices for inter-chip and intra-chip optical interconnections is important in the performance of the final integrated circuit. Some optical components, such as lasers, modulators, and photodetectors, can be monolithically integrated with electronic devices. However, other optical devices, such as optical isolators, are difficult to integrate with other electronic and optical devices.
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara have developed the first nonreciprocal ring resonator and implemented it in a ring isolator, which has the main advantages of miniaturization and integration with other optoelectronic devices. The isolator increases stability and reduces noise in optoelectronic circuits due to a high isolation ratio, which is measured at 9 dB in 1550 nm regime. It also has a low insertion loss, making for efficient signal propagation. The ring isolator can potentially be configured as an optical circulator, tunable optical filter, or bidirectional wavelength-selective isolator and integrated with semiconductor lasers and modulators.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||8,396,337||03/12/2013||2010-660|
Optical isolator, Optical circulator, optoelectronics, indoptoelec, cenIEE