A PIC based on quantum dots, grown on Si that allows lasers, modulators, and photodetectors to be integrated.
Photonic integrated circuits (PICs) are traditionally based on quantum well lasers, quantum well modulators, and bulk photodetectors. However, quantum dot lasers offer many advantages such as a lower threshold, higher temperature operation, and lower diffusion length which enables smaller devices with more integration. A PIC based on quantum dot lasers would incorporate each of these advantages and enable a superior device.
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara propose a PIC based on quantum dots, grown on Si that allows lasers, modulators, and photodetectors to be integrated. The use of quantum dots would enable higher device performance, better reliability, and system-level performance over conventional quantum well technology. The advantage of quantum dot modulators is the 3D confinement of electrons and holes which enhances that exciton enhancement. The more rapid change in absorption with wavelength makes quantum confinement stark effect modulators work better. Quantum dot photodetectors leads to higher bandwidth efficiency products. These quantum dot based PICs have demonstrated superior performance, improved reliability, and have vastly improved laser lifetimes.
|Patent Cooperation Treaty||Published Application||WO2017210300||12/07/2017||2016-912|
Additional Patents Pending