Researchers in the UCLA Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have developed a Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) device capable of high resolution, high acquisition measurements with minimized walk error and adjustable detection quality.
Demand for ranging systems with high depth resolution and fast acquisition is increasing due to the rise of 3D scanning and remote biometric devices. LiDAR and radar are common elements that measure the time-of-flight (ToF) of coherent light radio-waves for distance ranging determination. Coherent detection can achieve high resolution but suffers from slow acquisition. An alternative to coherent detection includes frequency-modulated continuous wave detection which can perform fast acquisition and long-distant measurements but has low resolution limited by timing offsets (“walk error”). Pulsed detection has also been proposed as an alternative, with moderate resolution and acquisition, but suffers from a narrow dynamic range. To date, the gold standard has been to combine pulsed based detection and ranging (commonly used in long distance LiDARs) with coherent detection for very high measurement accuracy over short distances. This standard, however, still suffers from measurement limitations due to walk error. An alternative is needed that is capable of high resolution, high acquisition measurements with minimized walk error and adjustable detection quality.
UCLA researchers have developed a method to dynamically tradeoff the resolution and sampling rate of a LiDAR measurement. This novel pulsed-coherent architecture significantly reduces walk error by the use of post-edge detection, improves noise-performance by multiple pulsing and allows for modulation of resolution and speed of detection even for long ranges. Benefitting from the multiple measurement and improved noise of coherent detection (for fine measurement) and the speed of the pulsed detection (for coarse measurement), this ToF receiver can theoretical achieve 40μm resolution with 1 MHz sampling rate.
Prototype device has been assembled with a 19GHz carrier frequency, up to 40μm depth precision and 1 MHz sampling rate.
pulsed-coherent receiver, biometric measurement, precision, lasers, ranging systems, 3D scanning, devices, time-of-flight (ToF), Lidars, radars, light radar