Splice Modulating Oligonucleotides as a Breast Cancer Therapy

Tech ID: 27134 / UC Case 2012-794-3

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Published Application 20150337310 11/26/2015 2012-794
 

Background

Breast cancer is the most widely-diagnosed cancer in women. Over 266,000 women in the US will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year. Approximately 95% of breast cancers express prolactin receptors compared to 70% of breast cancers that express estrogen receptors. It is desirable to develop a therapy to target a common receptor expressed in ~95% of breast cancers.

Brief Description

UCR researchers have designed novel splice modulating oligonucleotides (SMOs) that decrease expression of the long form of the prolactin receptor, thereby significantly inhibiting the metastatic spread of breast cancer to the lungs and liver. The SMO treatment also increased central death in the primary breast tumor. These SMOs may also target metastases produced by non-prolactin receptor-expressing primary tumors since all cancer stem cells examined so far are positive for the prolactin receptor. The researchers administered SMOs to two highly aggressive metastatic models of breast cancer, BT474 human xenografts, used for testing Herceptin, and a 4T1 syngeneic mouse model, which allows testing with an intact immune system.

 

fig 1

Fig. A shows a reduction in the number of metastatic colonies upon treatment with the UCR SMOs.

 

 

 Fig b

Fig. B titled "Control" is a stain of the metastatic colonies without SMO treatment. Fig. B titled "PRLR SMO" is a stain of the colonies after 40 days treatment with the UCR SMOs.

Applications

  • May be used to treat prostate and ovarian cancers since prolactin receptors are expressed in these cancers.
  • New class of therapeutic drugs that may be used to target other metastatic cancers and other indications triggered by alternative splicing

Advantages

  • Targets untreatable breast cancers - may be used to treat triple negative breast cancer since it expresses the prolactin receptor and there are no targeted therapies for this cancer.
  • 75-95% reduction in the number, size and density of metastatic colonies
  • 95% decrease in the number of cancer stem cells
  • High Target Specificity - targets only one splice form of a receptor, signaling molecule, or transcription factor
  • Non-Toxic - after up to 18 months of treatment, no signs of SMO toxicity in tissue samples

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Keywords

breast cancer, metastasis, cancer stem cells, splice modulating oligonucleotides, SMO, prolactin receptor, alternative splicing, splice isoform, therapeutic, kinase phosphorylation

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