A method of production of sugar oligosaccharides and sugar oligosaccharide adonic acids directly from inexpensive cellulosic biomass. Researchers have engineered a fungus that can directly produce sugar oligosaccharides and/or sugar oligosaccharide adonic acids from cellulose without any addition of exogenous cellulase. Sugar oligosccahride adonic acids are valuable chemicals numerous applications in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food and chemical industries. Sugar oligosaccharides can be used as feedstock for further fuels and chemicals production.
Researchers at the University of California have created a metabolically engineered mutant form of the Neurospora crassa fungus that can produce sugar oligosaccharides (such as cellobiose) or sugar oligosaccharide adonic acids ( such as cellobionate) directly from biomass (cellulose) without the addition of cellulase or any other enzymes, using one single step and thereby eliminating costly steps in biofuel production from biomass.
Cellulosic biomass is an abundant and sustainable source for organic fuels and chemicals. However, widespread use of cellulosic biomass has been restrained by a lack of efficient, low-cost biomass processing technology. The traditional method for converting cellulosic biomass to biofuels includes pretreatment, cellulase production, and enzymatic hydrolysis steps to produce the sugars required for fermentation into biofuels and chemicals. The new approach developed in UCD replaces these costly steps with one single fermentation step using a genetically engineered fungus, and hence has the potential to drastically lower the processing cost. The approach is able to generate sugar oligosaccharides, which can be the sugars for subsequent fuel and chemical production. It can alternatively generate oligosaccharide adonic acids as well, high-value chemicals with broad application in the food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and chemical industries.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||10,358,668||07/23/2019||2014-855|
cellulosic biomass, biofuels, cellobiose, cellobionic acids, cellulase, fungus, renewable energy, ethanol production, transgenic, high value chemicals