Millimeter-wave communication with high throughput and high reliability is poised to be a gamechanger for V2X and VR applications. However, mmWave links are notorious for low reliability since they suffer from frequent outages due to blockage and user mobility. Traditional mmWave systems are hardly reliable for two reasons. First, they create a highly directional link that acts as a single point of failure and cannot be sustained for high user mobility. Second, they follow a `reactive' approach, which reacts after the link has already suffered an outage.
In response to this limitation, researchers from UC San Diego have
designed mmReliable, a reliable mmWave system that implements smart analog
beamforming and user tracking to handle environmental vulnerabilities. It
creates custom beam patterns with multiple lobes and optimizes their angle,
phase, and amplitude to maximize the signal strength at the receiver. Such
phase-coherent multi-beam patterns allow the signal to travel along multiple
paths and add up constructively at the receiver to improve throughput. Of course,
multi-beam links are resilient to occasional blockages of few beams in
multi-beam compared to a single-beam system. With user mobility, mmReliable
proactively tracks the motion in the background by leveraging continuous
channel estimates without affecting the data rates. We implement mmReliable on
a 28 GHz testbed with 400 MHz bandwidth and a 64 element phased-array
supporting 5G NR waveforms.
V2X and VR applications
Rigorous indoor and outdoor experiments demonstrate that mmReliable achieves close to 100% reliability providing 1.5 times better throughput than traditional single-beam systems.
This technology is patent pending. Worldwide rights currently available. Companies interested in commercializing this invention should contact UC San Diego (firstname.lastname@example.org)