Polarization Standing Wave Cavity Assisted By Anisotropic Structures

Tech ID: 28943 / UC Case 2017-878-0


Researchers in the Department of Electrical Engineering have developed a cavity demonstrating resonance through polarization standing waves.


Resonator is one of the fundamental building blocks for microwave and RF devices. Conventional resonators, such as microstrip resonators, are limited by their low RF handling power and quality factor, Q, a parameter associated with energy losses within the cavity. Other resonators, such as waveguide resonators, have higher quality factors but tuning their frequency is difficult.


Researchers at UCLA have developed a cavity resonator with high RF power handling, high quality factor, and easy tunability. The waveguide cavity demonstrates resonance through a polarization standing wave, resulting in cavity size reduction. The resonator quality factor is 60X greater than microstrip resonators. The easy frequency tunability creates a structure much cheaper than conventional waveguide cavities and provides an easier and more robust frequency tuning mechanism for mm-waves and THz region.


  • Wireless communications
  • Microwave and RF devices (i.e. lasers, photodetectors)


  • Quality factor 60 times greater than microstrip resonators
  • Greatly reduced cavity size
  • Cheaper than conventional waveguide cavities
  • Easier implementation for tuning frequency at high frequency

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Issued Patent 10,615,473 04/07/2020 2017-878

Related Materials

  • D. Chen, L. Xu, C. Curwen, M. Memarian, J. Reno, T. Itoh, & B. Williams. “Metasurface Terahertz Laser With Electronically-Controlled Polarization.” CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science, 2017, FTu4G.
  • M.L. Chen, L.J. Jiang, E.I. Wei, W.C. Choy, & T. Itoh. “Polarization Control by Using Anisotropic 3-D Chiral Structures. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.” 64(11), 2016, 4687.
  • X. Li., M. Memarian, & T. Itoh. Blazed metasurface grating: A New Resonance in a Circular Waveguide Cavity Assisted by Anisotropic Metasurfaces In Microwave Symposium (IMS), 2016 IEEE MTT-S International(pp. 1-3). IEEE


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  • Itoh, Tatsuo

Other Information


Waveguide cavity, resonant cavity, frequency tuning, polarization standing wave, resonance

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