Researchers in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at UCLA have developed a novel transducer for audio applications based on a multiferroic material.
Traditional audio pickups operate on the principle of sensing movement through vibrations (piezoelectric pickup) or through a magnetic disturbance (magnetic pickup). Both piezoelectric and magnetic pickups offer a unique sound that can be preferred depending on the desired effect. In the former, a piezoelectric sensor records the vibrations and transfers the signal to an amplifier. These pickups are popular in acoustic guitars, since the hollow body of the guitar resonates to produce a sufficient signal.The latter audio pickup records vibrations through the disturbance in the magnetic field surrounding the ferromagnetic strings.These pickups are popular in electric guitars, eliminating the requirement of the hollow body.Due to the design of the magnetic pickups, decoupling of the signals from each string is not possible, inhibiting optimal audio processing.These pickups are also sensitive to stray electromagnetic interference, which can result in distortion.Furthermore, the magnetic field from the pickup also influences the strings, reducing sustain and transposing upper harmonics.
Researchers in the department of Mechanical Engineering at UCLA have developed a novel transducer for audio applications. The transducer is a piezoelectric/magnetostrictive multiferroic composite, which combines the best of both types of traditional audio pickups.The multiferroic pickup utilizes a reduced bias field, reducing crosstalk, increasing sustain, and minimizing the harmonic shift that is associated with traditional magnetic pickups.These multiferroic pickups can be limited to each string, allowing for a broader and flatter frequency response and thus a new and unique sound.Finally, these pickups have a smaller footprint than traditional magnetic pickups, allowing them to be placed closer to the strings.
This technology has been designed, fabricated, and tested in a laboratory setting.
|United States Of America||Issued Patent||9,524,709||12/20/2016||2014-968|
Transducer, multiferroic, actuator, sensor, antenna, guitar, pickup, electrical guitar pickup, string instruments, smart materials, piezoelectric, piezomagnetic, mageto-strictive, audio recording, microphones