Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a novel design for a solar power converter. The system uses an efficient selective absorber to harvest solar radiation.
Today, photovoltaic (PV) panels generate most of the market's renewable electricity. Unfortunately, PV generation has low conversion efficiencies, ~20%. Because solar cells have a theoretical maximum efficiency of 33%, they discard about 70% of sunlight as heat.
Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a novel absorber to convert nearly 100% of sunlight by using a low emissivity selective absorber, a material with high absorption in the solar spectrum and low emission in the infrared. The minimal infrared emission allows the material to retain more solar energy as heat. By using a heat engine, the harvested heat can then be used for efficient electrical generation. In theory, a selective absorber photothermal system can achieve efficiencies as high as 50%, more than doubling current PV efficiency.
|United States Of America||Published Application||20190203661||07/04/2019||2016-721|
energy conversion, solar power, hybrid power systems, photovoltaic systems, silicon, photothermal, selective absorber, low emissivity