Photosynthetic organisms use “soft” macromolecular assemblies for light absorption and concentration of electronic excitation energy. These generally work via an optically inactive protein-based backbone that acts as a host matrix for an array of light-harvesting pigment molecules. The pigments are organized in space such that excited states can migrate between molecules, ultimately delivering the energy to the reaction center.
UCSC researchers have developed an artificial light-harvesting energy transfer antenna based on complexes of oppositely charged conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs). A CPE is an amphiphilic polymer with a conjugated backbone and ionized (or ionizable) side chains. Excitons generated in the pigments within the light harvesting antennae (LHA) are funneled to a reaction center where the exciton is energetically trapped. The conjugated backbone and the charged side chains of the CPE lead to an architecture that simultaneously functions as a structural scaffold and an electronic energy “highway” that can transfer the energy by generation of electron/hole pairs via electron transfer.
Oppositely charged CPE's such as PTAK or derivatives thereof can be used as light harvesting antennae with complementary electronic absorption and emission spectra, resulting in thermodynamically allowed EET between the complexed CPEs. PTAK derivatives include regiorandom PTAK, regioregular PTAK, benzodithiophene PTAK, or any combination of these.
Conversion of sunlight into chemical potential energy (fuel)
This is the first time that a multi-conjugated polyelectrolyte commplex has been assembled in solution and shown to form ionic complexes that undergo inter-conjugated polyelectrolyte electronic energy transfer and modulates the nautre of the emitting excitonic wave function relative to isolated CPE's and a major step towards the production of clean fuels directly from solar energy.
|United States Of America||Published Application||2021038436||12/09/2021||2016-381|
|United States Of America||Published Application||20190006545||01/03/2019||2016-381|
artificial photosynthesis, light harvesting antenna, conjugated polyelectrolyte, electronic energy transfer, PTAK