Expression Of Heme Biosynthesis And Heme Proteins In Edible Filamentous Fungi
Tech ID: 32521 / UC Case 2022-025-0
The inventors have overexpressed heme biosynthesis genes in edible filamentous fungi to elevate heme levels beyond the endogenous levels already produced in these organisms. Overexpression of key biosynthetic enzymes, including a Heme Regulatory Motif (HRM) mutant in ALAS, as well as ALAD, UROD, HEMC, UROD, and FC, in different combinations in the edible filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae NSAR1, significantly increased heme levels up to 15-fold above the non-engineered background strain, as assessed by LC-MS. The fungal biomass is red in appearance and is used in meat replacement, including burgers, filets and other whole-cut formulations, bacon, and sausages. The invention gives fungal biomass a meat-like flavor.
Possible applications include meat replacement products, including burgers, filets and other whole-cut formulations, bacon, and sausages.
- Significantly increased heme levels up to 15-fold above a non-engineered background strain
- Gives fungal biomass a meat-like flavor
- Fungal biomass is red in appearance