Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a pepper plant that abscises its pedicel easily during harvesting, also known as destemming or decapping.
The majority of green peppers grown commercially need to be harvested manually, an expensive and time-consuming option for growers. Manual picking is required because most peppers retain their pedicels upon harvest. Various, prior attempts to develop peppers that can be harvested mechanically while retaining their quality have not been productive.
Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a pepper plant that abscises its fruit from its petiole easily when being picked. This allows for efficient harvest by mechanical pickers, similar to tomato harvesting. The pepper trait is stably inherited from parent to progeny and seems, to be dominantly and simply inherited. Therefore, new varieties of pepper plants can be created through conventional breeding to other pepper plants by crossing and selecting phenotypically for the desired trait(s). This trait can also be used in research and breeding by linking it to molecular markers and using markers to track the trait during breeding. UC Davis has developed molecular markers for this trait.
|Patent Cooperation Treaty||Published Application||2019191675||10/03/2019||2015-633|