Researchers at the University of California - Davis, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratory have found an innovative way to create a foam that allows for the creation of interconnected nanostructures between metallic nanowires that allow for the channelization of electrical, magnetic, optical, or chemical properties.
Nanoporous metal foams, among other nano-scaled metal foams, are becoming the building blocks of a multitude of new technologies, including high energy density laser targets, coating, photovoltaics, and targeted drug delivery. Currently, the production of such foams is difficult and costly. Many research teams are using lithographic approaches to produce nanowires of various metals, after which a freeze drying method is used to hold the nanowires in a foam by utilizing Van der Waal’s force. While such a method works in the lab, it is difficult to scale and results in foams that are quite brittle at low densities, especially for those made of pure metal.
Researchers at the University of California – Davis, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratory have developed an improved nanowire synthesis and freeze drying process that allows for the creation of nanoporous metal foams at a density of 0.1% of the bulk density of the metal. This new method allows for the production of more nanowires at a lower cost and the production of metal foams that are mechanically strong, thanks to a structure that is made up of nanowires that are bonded to one another.
|United States Of America||Published Application||20190085478||03/21/2019||2016-205|
|United States Of America||Published Application||20180311737||11/01/2018||2016-205|
Metal foams, pure metallic form, low density, high porosity, freeze drying, nanowires, nanoporous metal forms