UCLA researchers in the Department of Cardiology have identified a novel mechanism for controlling atrial fibrillation via neuromodulation.
Atrial fibrillation (AF), an abnormal heart beat characterized by rapid and irregular beating, affects more than 3 million people in the United States and by 2050 is projected to affect between 5-12 million people. Current therapy options include pharmacologic and surgical treatments such as blood thinners or beta blockers, and cardiac ablation respectively. Ablation and surgical procedures provide short term AF management (80% success at 1 yr) but suffer from failure over the long term where success rate drops to 60% at 5 years after treatment. Surgical ablation is also associated with complications such as atrial stiffness, micro-embolic episodes and risk of stroke. Therefore, a novel treatment for AF with greater long term success and less risk of complications remains an unmet need.
Professor Ardell has identified a novel means of preventing or blunting atrial fibrillation by modulating the neuronal network which controls the heart. Research to date has demonstrated that therapeutic potential of targeting cardiac neurons to modify atrial arrhythmia and the ability of vagal nerve suppression to blunt atrial fibrillation that results from excessive neural inputs. Targeting the network of cardiac neurons that contribute to atrial fibrillation therefore represents a novel approach to treat AF. This novel therapeutic approach is innovative for its rapid therapeutic onset, ability to be rapidly reversed, therapeutic memory (3 minutes of treatment can confer protection against AF for over 25 minutes).
Treatment for atrial fibrillation
Neuromodulation of cardiac neurons to prevent or blunt atrial fibrillation has been demonstrated in canines
atrial fibrillation, vagal nerve suppression, neuromodulation, cardiac, cardiovascular, nerve stimulation, nerve modulation