Rhenium Diboride, An Ultra-incompressible, Superhard Material

Tech ID: 20222 / UC Case 2008-619-0

Download PDFDownload PDF  PermaLinkPermaLink

Summary

Scientists at UCLA have manufactured the superhard material, rhenium diboride (ReB2), at ambient pressures as a substitute for diamond and other superhard materials currently used in industry.

Background

Because of the high cost of diamond and diamond-substitutes for use as cutting and polishing tools and wear resistant coatings, scientists have long studied how to manufacture hard and superhard materials as replacements for these materials. Diamond gathers much of its strength characteristics from its atomic configuration and molecular bonding scheme. Diamond is a versatile abrasive and cutting tool however; it is very expensive and is ineffective when dealing with ferrous materials because of the formation of carbides during the cutting process. Diamond-substitutes, such as cubic boron nitride, are attractive alternatives that do not have this issue with ferrous materials, but their synthesis requires costly high-pressure manufacturing techniques.

Innovation

To overcome many of these problems with materials in this area, researchers at UCLA have identified a way to manufacture a superhard material, rhenium diboride (ReB2), at ambient pressures. They have shown this material possesses incompressibility along its c-axis similar to that of diamond, has a high differential stress, and has high hardness under low load similar to cubic boron nitride.

Applications

  • Cutting and polishing tools
  • Wear resistant coatings
  • Industrial abrasive

Advantages

  • Can be synthesized at ambient pressures
  • Three different ambient pressure synthesis methods available
  • Mechanical properties that rival current superhard materials

Related Materials

  • R.W. Cumberland, M.B. Weinberger, J.J. Gilman, S.M. Clark, S.H. Tolbert and R.B. Kaner, Osmium Diboride, An Ultra-Incompressible, Hard Material, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127 (2005), p. 7264 [more]
  • H.Y. Chung, M.B. Weinberger, J.B. Levine, A. Kavner, J.M. Yang, S.H. Tolbert, R.B. Kaner, Synthesis of Ultra-Incompressible Superhard Rhenium Diboride at Ambient Pressure, Science 316 (2007) p. 436 [more]
  • H.Y. Chung, M.B. Weinberger, J.B. Levine, A. Kavner, J.M. Yang, S.H. Tolbert, R.B. Kaner, Response to Comment on Synthesis of Ultra-Incompressible Superhard Rhenium Diboride at Ambient Pressure, Science 318 (2007) [more]

Patent Status

Country Type Number Dated Case
United States Of America Issued Patent 8,431,102 04/30/2013 2008-619
 

Inventors

  • Kaner, Richard B.

Other Information

Categorized As

Related cases

2008-619-0

Keywords

Materials, superhard, rhenium diboride, osmium diboride, diamond, diamond-substitute

UCLA Office of Intellectual Property & Industry Sponsored Research
11000 Kinross Avenue, Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1406 | www.oip.ucla.edu/
Tel: 310.794.0558 | Fax: 310.794.0638 | ncd@research.ucla.edu