Highly-Permeable Polyaniline Membranes with Graphene Oxide Additive and CO2 Separations from Flue Gas

Tech ID: 32012 / UC Case 2019-860-0

Summary

UCLA researchers in the Departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Civil and Environmental Engineering have developed a method to selectively tune polymer membranes (polyaniline) by incorporating graphene oxide. Additionally, the films produced by this method are capable of separating greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) from air on an industrially relevant scale.

Background

Separation and trapping of CO2 during industrial processes, such as coal burning, is critical in limiting the warming effect of greenhouse gases. Cheaper and easier to process than inorganic counterparts, organic polymeric thin film membranes have emerged as a viable solution for industrial CO2 separation. Unfortunately, widespread application of such films is limited by low CO2 permeability into the film and low tolerance to elevated temperatures.

Innovation

UCLA researchers have developed a polymeric thin film capable of high CO2 permeability and temperature tolerance of up to 170 ºC for industrial separation of CO2 from flue-gas. The film ranges from 1.3 to 45um in thickness, depending on composition, and has been successfully developed and tested. Developed films exhibited a CO2 permeability of >700 Barrers, compared to 1 Barrer of traditional films. In addition, the film exhibited a preferential selectivity of 10 for CO2/N2. This simple doping process can be easily scalable and tuned with permeability approaching the upper bound indicated on a Robeson plot, allowing for unprecedented opportunities in CO2 separation and trapping.

Applications

  • Industrial waste management
  • Coal-burning plants
  • Energy production

Advantages

  • Enhanced CO2 permeability (700 Barrer over 1 Barrer)
  • Heat stability up to 170 ºC
  • High CO2 to N2 selectivity
  • Easily processable
  • Tailorable thin film properties

Patent Status

Patent Pending

Related Materials

State Of Development

Films have been successfully developed and tested.

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Inventors

  • Kaner, Richard B.

Other Information

Keywords

CO2, carbon dioxide, separation, greenhouse gas, global warming, thin film, polymer, polyaniline, graphene oxide, doping, permeability, selectivity, flue-gas, power plant, coal

Categorized As