Researchers led by Dr. Potkonjak from the UCLA Department of Computer Science have developed a technique to detect hardware Trojans in integrated circuits.
Integrated circuits (ICs) play key roles in most of today’s technologies ranging from mobile devices to computers. The high cost of fabricating ICs results in the dominance of a contract-foundry semiconductor business model in which multiple independent entities come together to create large batches of ICs to defray the cost. This process leaves ICs vulnerable to hardware Trojans, unwanted components added to ICs during the manufacturing process that enable monitoring or spying. Trojans are currently detected using side channel measurements of delay and power leakage. However, inherent variation in the production of ICs along with the complexity of their circuits allows Trojans to hide in ICs undetected.
Researchers led by Dr. Potkonjak from the UCLA Department of Computer Science have developed a technique to detect hardware Trojans in integrated circuits. The effectiveness of current Trojan detection decreases with complex circuit paths with many convergence points and with Trojans that look like inherent IC variation. Their invention uses a set of test points that can detect hardware Trojans regardless of the convergence of IC paths and inherent variation. This invention can be applied to any arbitrary IC design to provide robust and effective Trojan detection. Furthermore, this invention uses very little computational overhead (<5%).
Integrated circuits, FPGA, computer, hardware, fabrication, power leakage, delay measurements, Trojan, malware