Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and has been associated with poor quality of life and frequent complications requiring hospitalization and surgical procedures. Current therapies for IBD typically target neutralization of inflammatory cytokines, blockade of receptors, or inhibition of inflammatory cell functions. Despite current approaches, it is still difficult to control disease severity and maintain quality of life. One important phenotype of IBD that may offer an opportunity for gaining increased understanding of the disease is that up to 40% of individuals with inflammatory diseases of the colon have extra intestinal manifestations. Foremost in these extra intestinal symptoms are skin or oral disorders such as erythema nodosum, pyoderma gangreneosum and aphthous stomatitis. The presence of diseases associated with IBD at sites far from the gut support several hypotheses that IBD is a systemic disorder of circulating bone marrow derived immunocytes, a consequence of dysbiosis of the microbiome or a generalized disorder of epithelial function. Furthermore, appropriate function of the epithelial barrier is necessary to regulate the interactions between microbes and the host and maintain health.
Researchers at UC San Diego have shown that there is a connection between adipogenesis and inflammation of the colon and skin. Adipogenesis occurs in the response of inflammation in the colon in a manner similar to that observed in the skin and the linkage between the two events is the role of hyaluronan in these processes. Hyaluronan (HA) is a glycosaminoglycan that is widely distributed in the extracellular matrix of many tissues and appears necessary for adopocyte maturation. In patients with IBD, HA accumulated around adipocytes. In contrast, the administration of soluble hyaluronidase inhibited adipogenesis and was able to suppress inflammation of both skin and colon.
The administration of an HA-degrading enzyme can be used to treat inflammation in a variety of allergic conditions, primarily inflammatory diseases of the skin and gut. Digestion of HA has the potential to inhibit reactive adipogenesis after injury to the colon and skin and protect against inflammatory tissue damage.
By simply changing the cell micro environment, the response of many kinds of immune cells can be regulated.
Researchers have developed a preclinical model in mice.
This technology is patent pending and available for licensing and/or research sponsorship.
Autoimmunity, colitis, dermatitis, immunomodulatory, inflammatory bowel disease, hyaluronan, adipogenesis