UCLA researchers from the Department of Bioengineering have developed a novel efficient, low-cost, low-power technique for measuring the bio-impedance at the electrode-tissue interface, which can be incorporated into implantable stimulators.
Knowing the bio-impedance at the electrode-tissue interface is important for safety, efficacy, and function in many biomedical applications including tissue stimulators. Measuring impedance can be used as a metric for the proximity of the electrode to the target tissue. For tissue stimulators, measuring the electrical impedance is essential to ensure an effective and safe stimulus pulse is delivered. Additionally, the impedance of the electrode-electrolyte interface is vital for preventing damage to the electrode itself during stimulation. Current methods for impedance measurement are either limited to measuring at a single frequency, or are extremely complex and expensive such as Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). These methods either do not give a full equivalent circuit representation of the impedance measurement or are not appropriate in terms of expense or safety for use in tissue stimulators.
UCLA researchers have developed a novel technique to accurately and inexpensively measure the bio-impedance at the electrode-tissue interface. This technique can measure the parameters of an accurate equivalent circuit model, which allows for sophisticated predictions beyond at a single frequency. This technique also ensures charge-balance on the electrode after the measurement which ensures safety of both the electrode and target tissue. This technique is also low complexity and low cost allowing for easy integration into existing commercial tissue stimulator hardware solutions.
Technique has been validated.
|United States Of America||Published Application||2017010565||04/20/2017||2014-786|
Bio-impedance, impedance, neural stimulator, tissue stimulator, biphasic current, electrode