Researchers at the UCLA Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics have developed methods for efficient gene editing in stem cells by increasing the level of apoptosis regulator BCL-2.
Engineered nucleases, such as zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN), and CRISPR/Cas9, are popular tools to increase the frequency of gene repair events. These nucleases create sequence and site-specific double-stranded breaks in the DNA that induce cellular DNA damage repair pathways, resulting in DNA repair either through non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), or by homology-directed repair (HDR) when engineered nucleases are co-delivered with a donor template. HDR may be used to correct gene mutations or add new sequences to a specific chromosomal site. While efficient gene modification through HDR occurs at high frequencies in stem cells and progenitor cells, the rate of HDR in long-term reconstituting stem cells, such as hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) remains low.
Researchers at UCLA have observed increased sensitivity of HSCs to toxicity from the introduction of the gene modifying nucleases and donor template molecules by electroporation compared to progenitor cells, contributing to the reduced frequency of gene-modified HSC. Based on this observation, they have developed a novel method of transient delivery of BCL-2 mRNA along with the gene modifying reagents at the time of electroporation, which can promote the survival of gene-modified stem cells by blocking the apoptotic effects of the manipulation.
Increase the number of gene-modified HSCs that may be used for transplantation or for regenerative medicine applications
The described method has been validated in human HSCs.
|United States Of America||Published Application||20190249172||08/15/2019||2016-290|
|European Patent Office||Published Application||WO 2017/143071||08/24/2017||2016-290|
Gene editing, gene repair, gene modification, homology-directed repair, HDR, stem cell, hematopoietic stem cells, HSCs